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Addressing the Urgent Need for Effective Flood Disaster Mana



  Aug 09, 2023

Floods:Poor Disaster Management


1. What is the current situation of floods in India in 2023?

In 2023, India has experienced unprecedented monsoon fury resulting in significant loss of lives, destruction of crops, property, and infrastructure. Several regions, including Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, and Haryana, have been severely affected.
 

2. What data has been presented regarding flood losses in the last decade?

A report filed in the Rajya Sabha provides data from the Jal Shakti Ministry for the period of 2012-2021. The report states that over 17,000 people have died in floods during this period, and the damage to property has been estimated at Rs 2.61 lakh crore.
 

3. What does the large death toll and extensive destruction indicate?

The continued high death toll and extensive damage reflect shortcomings in disaster management policies and flood mitigation measures. Despite advancements in weather forecasting technology, the country appears to be ill-prepared to effectively handle flood situations on the ground.
 

4. What factors contribute to the poor handling of floods in India?

Several factors contribute to the inadequate response to floods. Violation of rules and regulations designed to prevent flooding and protect habitats is rampant, leading to unplanned settlements and structures in vulnerable areas. Poor drainage systems, encroachments on river banks and flood plains, deforestation, and improper infrastructure development worsen the situation.
 

5. What are some examples of issues causing flooding in different regions of India?

In Himachal Pradesh, haphazard concretization, unscientific cutting of mountain slopes for infrastructure development, large-scale deforestation, and dam breaches have been identified as major causes of landslips and flash floods. Similarly, the encroachment on river banks and flood plains exacerbates flooding in various areas.
 

6. What is the key solution to prevent recurrence of such flood-related issues?

A critical review of flood-prevention policies at all levels of governance is essential. This includes timely and stringent responses to rule violations, as well as efforts to restore ecological balance. Implementing flood prevention measures, maintaining proper drainage systems, and curbing unplanned development are crucial for creating safer environments.
 

7. How can India better manage floods and mitigate their impact?

7. How can India better manage floods and mitigate their impact?


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