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1893 Mumbai Communal Riots & Tilak's Role.



  Sep 16, 2023

Evolution of Ganesh Puja


What were the causes of the communal riot in Mumbai in August 1893

The riot was triggered by tensions between Gujarati Hindus and Muslims after ceremonial music was played at the Hanuman temple at Pydhonie in Mumbai’s south.
 

Who played a significant role in addressing the communal conflict during the 1893 riots in Mumbai?

Bal Gangadhar Tilak, the editor of ‘Kesari’ and ‘Mahratta’ publications, played a significant role in addressing the conflict and advocating for the rights of Hindus.
 

What was Tilak’s stance during the 1893 riots?

Tilak advocated for impartial treatment by the British government in conflicts between Hindus and Muslims.
He argued that Hindus had a valid right to self-defense and criticized the government for not maintaining impartiality.
 

Did the 1893 riots lead to a change in the cultural landscape of Mumbai?

Yes, the riots and their aftermath contributed to the popularization of the Ganesh Utsav festival, replacing Muharram in popularity among the masses.
 

Did Bal Gangadhar Tilak promote Ganesh Utsav, and how did it evolve?

Yes, Tilak played a significant role in promoting Ganesh Utsav.
The festival evolved from being celebrated in homes to becoming a public celebration, fostering nationalist sentiments.
 

Did the Ganesh Utsav festival become an anti-British symbol?

Yes, during the Ganesh Utsav celebrations, songs with strong anti-British overtones were sung.
It became one of the chief features of the anti-British revolutionary movement in India.
 

How did the communal tensions affect the celebration of Muharram in Pune?

Communal tensions led to a decline in the celebration of Muharram in Pune, with Hindus refusing to commemorate the festival.
 

What was Bal Gangadhar Tilak’s stance on Hindu-Muslim relations in India?

Tilak was not anti-Muslim or Islamophobic. He advocated for Hindu-Muslim unity and emphasized that historical figures like Chhatrapati Shivaji were not enemies of Muslims but fought against injustice.
 

Did Tilak collaborate with Muslims in his political activities?

Yes, Tilak collaborated with Muslims, including leaders like Maulana Shaukat Ali and M.A. Jinnah, in various political activities and movements.
 

What was the impact of the 1893 riots on the Mumbai police force?

The 1893 riots led to the creation of an armed wing in the Mumbai police force and the introduction of firearms for the first time.


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