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EU-China EV Subsidy Comparison



  Feb 01, 2024

EU vs China:EV Subsidies



Q: Why has the European Union launched an investigation into Chinese subsidies for electric vehicles?

A: The EU is investigating Chinese subsidies to determine if they provide Chinese EV manufacturers with an unfair competitive advantage, which could have implications for the European market and its automotive industry.

Q: What concerns does Europe have regarding Chinese EV subsidies?

A: There’s a concern that systematic government support for Chinese EV manufacturers could lead to a repeat of what happened to Europe’s solar industry, which struggled against low-cost competition from China.

Q: How do Chinese EV subsidies compare to those in the West?

A: Chinese subsidies have been more extensive and long-term, involving direct grants, tax incentives, and access to below-market credit. The Inflation Reduction Act in the U.S. has introduced significant subsidies but is relatively recent compared to China’s decades-long support.

Q: What makes Chinese electric car companies competitive?

A: Chinese companies have been innovative, investing in cheaper battery chemistry and becoming very competitive, with some companies like BYD nearing Tesla’s sales. Vertical integration, where companies control both car and battery production, adds to their competitiveness.

Q: How might Chinese EVs affect the European and U.S. markets?

A: As Chinese EVs become more competitive, there is the possibility that European and U.S. markets may consider allowing Chinese manufacturers to establish production within their borders, which could challenge domestic manufacturers.

Q: What is the significance of the EU’s subsidies investigation?

A: The investigation will help the EU navigate trade relations with China, balance protecting its own automotive industry, meet climate goals, and address the need for more EVs without causing significant trade disputes.


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