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India Expands Elephant Corridors: 150 Now.



  Sep 21, 2023

Enhancing Elephant Corridors in India



India's central government has identified 62 new elephant corridors, bringing the total to 150. Significant increase from the 88 corridors identified in 2010.

Why:

To ensure safe movement for India's growing elephant population, now exceeding 30,000.
Connects friendly habitats to encourage ecological balance and reduce human-elephant conflicts.
Counters habitat fragmentation and destruction, which had reduced the use of 19% of existing corridors.

How:

State governments reported and validated these corridors using data-driven methods.
Aims to ensure long-term viability of elephant habitats.
Addresses insufficient data on elephant movement in several states.

Geographical Spread:

West Bengal: Leads with 26 corridors.
East Central Region: Commands 35% with 52 corridors.
North East Region: Holds 32%, equivalent to 48 corridors.

Expansion:

Elephants have expanded their ranges in regions like Vidarbha, Madhya Pradesh, and northern Andhra Pradesh.
Indicates changing landscape for elephant habitats in India.

Concerns:

10 corridors are impaired and need restoration for proper elephant movement.

Next Steps:

Prioritize corridor restoration for undisturbed elephant movement.
Enhance data collection on elephant movements, especially in northeastern states with smaller elephant populations, to inform conservation strategies.


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