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Elephant Corridors in India: Conservation Efforts



  Feb 23, 2024

Elephant Corridors in India



What are elephant corridors?

Elephant corridors are narrow strips of land that connect two or more larger habitats. These corridors are crucial for the survival of elephants, allowing them to migrate between habitats safely, access different areas for food and water, and maintain genetic diversity by intermingling with other elephant populations.

Why are elephant corridors important in India??

India is home to over 50% of Asia’s elephant population. Elephant corridors are vital for the conservation of these magnificent animals, ensuring their free movement and reducing human-elephant conflicts. As human activities expand into wildlife habitats, these corridors help maintain ecological balance and enable elephants to navigate through fragmented landscapes.

How many elephant corridors are there in India??

Approximately , there are 100 identified elephant corridors in India. These corridors are spread across various states, including Assam, West Bengal, Odisha, Uttarakhand, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu, among others.

What challenges do elephant corridors face??

Elephant corridors face several challenges, including:

Encroachment: Illegal settlement and agricultural expansion into corridor areas disrupt the natural migration paths of elephants.

Development Projects: Infrastructure projects like roads, railways, and dams can fragment habitats and block corridors.

Human-Elephant Conflict: As elephants pass through these corridors, there’s an increased risk of conflict with humans, leading to crop damage, property destruction, and, in some cases, loss of human and elephant lives.

What measures are being taken to protect elephant corridors??

To protect elephant corridors, the Government of India and various NGOs are undertaking several initiatives:

Legal Protection: Some corridors have been accorded legal protection, restricting development activities that could disrupt elephant movement.

Land Acquisition: Conservation organizations are purchasing lands within corridors to secure them for elephant passage.

Awareness and Community Engagement: Educating local communities about the importance of elephant corridors and involving them in conservation efforts are key strategies.

Creating Underpasses and Overpasses: In some areas, underpasses and overpasses are being constructed to facilitate the safe passage of elephants across highways and railways.

How can I contribute to the conservation of elephant corridors??

Individuals can contribute to the conservation of elephant corridors by supporting NGOs and conservation projects financially or through volunteer work, advocating for the protection of wildlife habitats, and spreading awareness about the importance of elephant corridors and the challenges they face.

SRIRAM’s


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