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Election Commission's AAP National Party Status Decision



  May 23, 2024

Election Commission's AAP National Party Status Decision



In a significant shift in India's political landscape, the Election Commission of India (EC) has granted the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) the status of a national party. This recognition comes as the AAP achieved nearly 13% of the vote share and secured five seats in the recent Gujarat Assembly polls, adding to its status as a state party in Delhi, Goa, Punjab, and now Gujarat.

The decision by the EC not only elevates AAP but also marks a setback for three other prominent parties. The Trinamool Congress (TMC), the Communist Party of India (CPI), and the Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) have lost their national party status due to not meeting the required criteria across sufficient states.

 Key Details of the EC's Decision:

- AAP's National Status: The AAP's new national status is underpinned by its recognition as a state party in four states, meeting the EC's criteria for national party status, which requires recognition as a state party in at least four states.

- Criteria for National Party Status: A party must secure at least 6% of valid votes polled and win at least two seats in a state's assembly and Lok Sabha polls to gain or retain status as a state party.There are other criteria too.

- Implications for TMC, CPI, and NCP: These parties lost their national status following the EC's evaluation, based on the Election Symbols (Reservation and Allotment) Order, 1968. This affects their ability to use a uniform election symbol across all states, impacting their national presence.

- Regional Shifts: Alongside these changes, the EC has also revised the status of several parties at the state level, affecting parties like the Rashtriya Lok Dal (RLD), Bharat Rashtra Samithi (BRS), and others, which have either lost or gained recognition as state parties.

Future Implications:

This development is poised to affect the political strategies of all involved parties, particularly with upcoming elections. For AAP, this recognition allows them to contest elections with a consistent party symbol across India, potentially aiding in establishing a more unified national presence. For the TMC, CPI, and NCP, losing national status might complicate their campaign logistics and voter outreach, potentially influencing their performance in future electoral contests.

The reclassification by the EC reflects the dynamic nature of political alignments and electoral performance in India, underscoring the continual evolution of the political landscape at both state and national levels.





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