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Himachal Pradesh Disasters FAQ



  Sep 04, 2023

Disasters in Himachal Pradesh - FAQ


1. What is the situation of disasters in Himachal Pradesh?

Himachal Pradesh is facing an increasing frequency of disasters, leading to significant monetary losses and loss of lives.
 

2. What are the contributing factors to the rise in disasters?

Disasters in the region are influenced not only by climate change but also by local land-use changes and rapid urbanization.
 

3. How much monetary loss did Himachal Pradesh experience due to disasters from 2017 to 2022?

Between 2017 and 2022, the state incurred disaster-related monetary losses amounting to approximately ~8,000 crore.
 

4. How many deaths were reported in Himachal Pradesh in 2023 due to disasters?

In 2023, Himachal Pradesh witnessed over 100 deaths due to disasters, with the ongoing monsoon season at the time of reporting.
 

5. What are some consequences of mega infrastructure projects in the region?

Mega infrastructure projects like hydropower dams have led to urbanization, mass tourism, and disruptions in river flows, increasing flood risks during monsoons.
 

6. How has construction activity contributed to disaster vulnerabilities?

Construction of roads and tunnels has altered the landscape and contributed to landslides, elevating the region's vulnerability to disasters.
 

7. How are large hydropower projects perceived in the current economic model?

In the current economic model, large hydropower projects are often viewed as "green growth," but their costs and risks can be shifted to affected communities and public funds.
 

8. What are challenges in the current disaster preparedness efforts?

Heavy reliance on techno-managerial responses like early warning systems may not be sufficient. Comprehensive disaster prevention measures focusing on accountability, justice, and citizen-centered land-use planning are necessary.
 

9. Why are mountainous regions like the Himalayas susceptible to disasters?

Mountainous topographies, particularly in the Himalayas, present challenging environments prone to various hazards. Historical socio-economic and political factors also influence disaster vulnerabilities.
 

10. What is the main message regarding disaster management in Himachal Pradesh?

Redefining "climate disasters" and adopting a holistic approach considering various factors are vital for effective disaster management in Himachal Pradesh.


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