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Defining Fair Electoral Constituencies in Indian Elections



  Sep 23, 2023

Delimitation in India's Elections


1. What's Delimitation in Indian Elections?

Delimitation is defining electoral constituency boundaries to ensure fair representation, in the Lok Sabha and state assembly elections.
 

2. Why Delimitation Matters?

It's crucial to maintain equal population representation, adhering to the "one person, one vote" principle.
 

3. How's Delimitation Conducted?

An independent Delimitation Commission uses census data to establish constituency boundaries.
 

4. Concerns in Southern States?

Population-based delimitation may reduce southern states' representation due to their successful family planning programs.
 

5. Impact on Political Representation?

It varies by region. Northern states might gain seats, while southern states could lose representation.
 

6. Next Delimitation Schedule?

Originally postponed due to COVID-19, it's set for after 2026, using post-2026 Census data.
 

7. Effect on Lok Sabha Seats?

Delimitation can redistribute Lok Sabha seats among states, altering the seat count for each.
 

8. Delimitation Commission's Role?

They determine constituency boundaries, ensuring an equitable seat distribution.
 

9. Influence on India's Political Landscape?

Changes in seat distribution can shift political power dynamics, impacting elections and legislative representation.
 

10. Addressing Southern States' Concerns?

Parliament and political leaders are actively discussing ways to ensure fairness in the delimitation process.
 
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