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DEEP STATE: PAKISTAN AND CHINA EXAMPLES



  May 22, 2024

DEEP STATE: PAKISTAN AND CHINA EXAMPLES



Simplifier

1. What is a deep state?

A deep state refers to a hidden or clandestine network of power operating independently of a nation’s elected leadership, often consisting of influential members from various sectors such as the military, intelligence agencies, and bureaucracy.

2. How is the deep state manifested in Pakistan?

In Pakistan, the deep state is often associated with the military and the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI). The military has historically played a significant role in the country’s politics, frequently influencing civilian governments and foreign policy decisions, particularly regarding India and Afghanistan.

3. Can you provide an example of the deep state’s influence in Pakistan?

One example is the Kargil conflict in 1999. The Pakistani military, particularly elements within the army and ISI, initiated the incursion into Indian territory without the full knowledge or approval of the civilian government, highlighting the military’s autonomous decision-making power.

4. How is the deep state manifested in China?

In China, the deep state is often linked to the Communist Party’s control over various state apparatuses, including the military (People’s Liberation Army), security agencies, and major economic sectors. The party’s top leadership operates with significant autonomy from public oversight.

5. Can you provide an example of the deep state’s influence in China?

A notable example is the control over internet and information flow. The Chinese Communist Party employs a vast network of state agencies and cyber units to monitor, censor, and influence online content, demonstrating the deep state’s pervasive control over information and communication.

6. What are the implications of a deep state for a country’s foreign policy?

The deep state can significantly influence a country’s foreign policy by pursuing agendas that may not align with the official stance of the civilian government. In Pakistan, this has been evident in the handling of relations with India and Afghanistan. In China, it affects interactions with global tech companies and international norms on cyber governance.

7. How does the deep state impact domestic governance?

The deep state can undermine democratic institutions and processes by exercising control behind the scenes. In Pakistan, this is seen in the military’s influence over elected officials. In China, it manifests through the Communist Party’s dominance over state functions, limiting political pluralism and civil liberties.

8. Are there any signs of the deep state in other countries?

While the term “deep state” is more commonly associated with countries like Pakistan and China, similar phenomena can exist in other nations where military, intelligence, or bureaucratic entities wield disproportionate power relative to elected leaders.



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