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Deciphering the Amla Genome: Insights



  Feb 07, 2024

Decoding the Amla Genome



Researchers have successfully decoded the genome of the amla, or Indian gooseberry, shedding light on its super antioxidant properties and pathogen resistance. This breakthrough was achieved by a team at the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Bhopal in Madhya Pradesh.

Key Findings:

Ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and flavonoids are responsible for the amla’s super-antioxidant properties.

The genome sequencing revealed 3,520 expanded gene families and 1,048 contracted gene families, which help the plant adapt to different environmental conditions.

Expanded gene families are involved in synthesizing secondary metabolites and enhancing pathogen resistance, indicating the evolution of stress tolerance genes.

The study identified 236 genes with multiple signatures of adaptive evolution (MSA) related to plant growth, reactive oxygen species regulation, abiotic stress response, and plant hormone synthesis.

Implications:

The knowledge gained from decoding the amla genome has significant implications:

Development of improved nutraceuticals, food products, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals.

A deeper understanding of the amla’s genetic makeup and its potential applications in various industries.

This research marks a crucial step in harnessing the potential of the amla for the benefit of nutrition and pharmaceutics.

SRIRAM’s


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