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Decline in Sex Ratio at Birth in India Trends - SRIRAMs IAS



  Aug 01, 2023

Decline in Sex Ratio at Birth in India: Trends


Q. What is the recent trend in India's sex ratio at birth?

The sex ratio at birth in India has shown a decline in 13 states and Union Territories (UTs) in the last three years, as per the Centre's reply in the Lok Sabha. This includes states like Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, and Chandigarh.
 

Q. What does the declining sex ratio at birth indicate about Indian society?

The declining sex ratio at birth indicates a deeply ingrained societal preference for male children and a bias against female children. It reflects the persisting mindset of considering girls as a burden and highlights gender inequality in the country.
 

Q. How has the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao campaign performed?

The Beti Bachao Beti Padhao campaign, launched by PM Narendra Modi in 2015 to improve the skewed sex ratio, initially showed positive results with the gender gap at birth closing. However, the recent decline in the sex ratio indicates setbacks in the implementation of the campaign.
 

Q. What methods are being used for sex determination despite the campaign's efforts?

Perpetrators of female foeticide have been using tiny ultrasound devices that are difficult to detect for sex determination of unborn children. These methods have been a challenge for law enforcement agencies to detect and prevent.
 

Q. What is female infanticide, and why is it concerning?

Female infanticide refers to the act of killing female infants after birth due to the preference for male children. Recent cases from states like Haryana and Maharashtra have made headlines, highlighting the deeply ingrained preference for boys and the tragic consequences for girl children.
 

Q. What is the impact of this patriarchal attitude on society?

The continued preference for boys over girls perpetuates gender discrimination and inequality. It also leads to a skewed sex ratio, which can result in imbalanced demographics and societal issues in the long run.
 

Q. What measures are being taken to address these challenges?

While the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao campaign aims to address the issue, there is a need for stronger enforcement of laws against sex determination and female foeticide. Public awareness and education campaigns are also essential to change the societal mindset and promote gender equality.
 

Q. When will this patriarchal attitude change?

Changing a deeply ingrained patriarchal attitude requires continuous efforts from all levels of society, including government, communities, and individuals. Promoting gender equality, empowering women, and addressing root causes of gender bias will be crucial in bringing about lasting change.


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