BEWARE OF FAKE INSTITUTES WITH SIMILAR NAMES. blank    blank
banner

COW DUNG'S KEY ROLE IN INDIA'S ENERGY INDUSTRY



  May 14, 2024

COW DUNG'S KEY ROLE IN INDIA'S ENERGY INDUSTRY



Introduction

Cow dung is playing a pivotal role in India's energy industry by contributing to the production of biomethane, a renewable energy source. This transformation is part of a broader effort to enhance waste management, promote clean energy production, and reduce dependence on imported natural gas.

Biogas Production from Cow Dung

- Process: Cow dung is mixed with water and placed in a bioreactor, where anaerobic digestion by naturally occurring bacteria produces methane and carbon dioxide.

- Use Case: In Maharashtra, a small ashram uses cow dung to generate enough methane to power its kitchen, replacing the need for 20 liters of natural gas monthly.


Government Support and Goals

- SATAT Scheme: The Sustainable Alternative Towards Affordable Transportation (SATAT) scheme aims to establish 5,000 CBG projects nationwide.

- Blending Mandate: From 2025, gas suppliers are required to blend natural gas with 1% biomethane, increasing to 5% by 2028, to reduce imports and promote domestic energy production.


Environmental and Economic Benefits

- Waste Management: Utilizing cow dung and agricultural waste for biogas reduces air pollution by diverting waste that would otherwise be burned.

- Fertilizer Production: The byproduct of biogas production can be used as a nutrient-rich fertilizer, enhancing soil health and reducing chemical fertilizer dependence.


Success Stories and Challenges

1. Lehragaga, Punjab: Asia's largest CBG plant can process 300 tonnes of paddy straw daily, producing up to 33 tonnes of biogas. However, it currently operates below capacity due to low demand.

2. Ludhiana, Punjab: The Haibowal Dairy Complex processes 225 tonnes of dung daily, mitigating river pollution caused by dairy waste. Plans are in place to expand its capacity.


Key Areas for Innovation and Improvement

1. Regional-Level Feedstock Mapping: Accurate, localized estimates of feedstock availability can improve planning and efficiency.

2. Mixed Feedstock Technology: Developing technology to process mixed feedstocks can mitigate sourcing issues and enhance biogas production.

3. CO2 Utilization: Capturing and utilizing CO2 produced during biogas generation can reduce greenhouse gas emissions and create additional revenue streams.

4. Enriching Fermented Organic Manure (FOM): Improving FOM with nitrogen and potassium can make it more marketable as a fertilizer.

5. Bioreactor and Microbe Health Monitoring: Real-time monitoring systems can optimize biogas production by ensuring the health of anaerobic bacteria.

6. Effective Feedstock Pretreatment: Developing cost-effective pretreatment methods for lignocellulosic feedstocks can enhance digestion efficiency.


Entrepreneurial Opportunities

- Technology Development: Entrepreneurs can develop innovative solutions to address the challenges in biogas production, such as feedstock processing and bioreactor monitoring.

- Market Expansion: Promoting the benefits and uses of biogas and related products can increase demand and support sector growth.


Conclusion

Cow dung and other agricultural waste materials are valuable resources for India's biogas sector. With government support and innovative solutions, biogas production can enhance waste management, promote clean energy, and reduce reliance on imported fuels. Addressing current challenges and seizing opportunities for improvement will be crucial for the sector's growth and sustainability.


SRIRAM’s


Share:
 

Get a call back

Fill the below form to get free counselling for UPSC Civil Services exam preparation

 
UPSC DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS

 
RBI’S MONETARY POLICY STANCE
 
French Revolution and India
 
MUSLIM WOMEN UNDER SECTION 125 OF CRPC:
 
BASTILLE DAY
 
INDIA-BASED NEUTRINO OBSERVATORY (INO)
 
India's Critical Minerals Strategy
 
Conflict in Sudan:
 
ASIAN PROTECTIONISM:RESPONSE TO CHINESE OVERCAPACITY
 
IVF Treatments in India
 
Indian quantum cryptography discovery
 
Climate Change : Loss and damage fund
 
INDIA’S FERTILITY RATE DYNAMICS AND IMPACT
 
East China Sea Tensions:Senkaku Islands
 
Green steel and the hydrogen-based DRI production method
 
NABARD's Agri-SURE Fund: Simplifier