BEWARE OF FAKE INSTITUTES WITH SIMILAR NAMES. blank    blank
banner

COP4: Advancing Minamata Convention (2022)



  Mar 16, 2024

COP4: Advancing Minamata Convention (2022)



1. What is the Minamata Convention on Mercury?

The Minamata Convention is a global treaty established to protect human health and the environment from the harmful effects of mercury.  This toxic heavy metal bioaccumulates in the food chain, posing a significant threat to wildlife and human populations, particularly those who consume large amounts of fish. The Convention outlines a series of measures to control mercury throughout its lifecycle, from mining and use in products to disposal.

2. What were the main goals of COP4?

The COP4 conference served as a critical meeting for member countries (Parties) to the Minamata Convention to collaboratively address ongoing mercury pollution challenges. Here's a breakdown of the key objectives:

Review and Update of Annexes A & B: These annexes list activities and industrial processes that significantly contribute to mercury emissions and releases. COP4 aimed to assess the effectiveness of the existing regulations and consider potential additions or amendments to ensure comprehensive coverage of hazardous sources.

Financial Mechanism Strengthening: Developing countries often face resource constraints in implementing the Convention's goals. COP4 discussions focused on ways to strengthen the Convention's financial mechanism to provide greater support for developing nations in their efforts to tackle mercury pollution.

Effectiveness Evaluation: Evaluating progress is crucial for any environmental treaty. COP4 conducted a review to assess the collective efforts of member countries towards achieving the Convention's objectives. This information helps identify areas where further action or improved strategies might be needed.

International Cooperation: Mercury pollution is a global problem, and solutions require international collaboration. COP4 fostered discussions and initiatives to promote cooperation among member countries in areas like sharing best practices, technology transfer, and capacity building.


3. What were some of the significant outcomes of COP4?

The COP4 conference resulted in a  number of positive developments:

Renewed Commitment: A strong message emerged from COP4, highlighting the continued global commitment to combating mercury pollution and protecting public health and the environment.

Financial Mechanism Progress: While decisions on amendments to Annexes A & B were deferred for future meetings, COP4 discussions on strengthening the financial mechanism saw positive progress, paving the way for increased support for developing countries.

Bali Declaration: A noteworthy outcome of COP4 was the launch of the "Bali Declaration on Combatting Global Illegal Trade of Mercury." This declaration signifies a unified stance against the illegal trade of mercury, a significant concern that undermines the Convention's goals.



SRIRAM's


Share:
 

Get a call back

Fill the below form to get free counselling for UPSC Civil Services exam preparation

 
UPSC DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS

 
RBI FINANCIAL INCLUSION (FI) INDEX
 
Stagflation: Causes, Effects, and Economic Impact
 
Inflation Expectations in India:Simplifier
 
Opportunity Costs and Trade-offs:Simplifier
 
DIGITIZING INDIA’S HISTORICAL RECORDS: FAQs
 
GOVERNOR IMMUNITY Under Art.361
 
India's digital public infrastructure:Macroeconomic View
 
INVESTMENT-LED VS CONSUMPTION-LED GROWTH IN INDIA TODAY
 
Global IT outage:Blue Screen of Death
 
Natural rate of interest in an economy
 
CREDIT GROWTH OUTPACING DEPOSIT GROWTH IN BANKS
 
Enemy Property in India
 
Union Public Service Commission (UPSC):Indian Constitution
 
DEFLATION AND DISINFLATION :SIMPLIFIER
 
LORENZ CURVE AND GINI INDEX