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Kumbhalgarh Tiger Reserve: Declaration Controversy



  Aug 30, 2023

Controversy Around Declaring Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary as a Tiger Reserve


Q: What is the controversy surrounding the declaration of Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary (KWS) as a tiger reserve?

A: The 'in-principle' approval to declare Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary as a tiger reserve has sparked controversy due to concerns from indigenous tribes like Bhil, Garasia, and Raika pastoralists. They fear displacement, and there is no documented history of tiger presence in the area.
 

Q: Why are indigenous tribes and communities against the idea of a tiger reserve in KWS?

A: The indigenous tribes and communities such as Bhil, Garasia, and Raika pastoralists are against the tiger reserve declaration as they fear displacement from their ancestral lands. They rely on the forest for their livelihood, and the designation could impact their way of life.
 

Q: Are there concerns about the suitability of KWS for a tiger reserve?

A: Yes, experts point out that there is no documented history of tiger population in Kumbhalgarh. Additionally, there are no established connectivity corridors for tigers, and the forest area is not known to support a significant prey base for sustaining tiger populations.
 

Q: How does the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) view the situation?

A: The NTCA has given 'in-principle' approval for KWS to be declared a tiger reserve. This means that further assessment and evaluation will take place to determine the feasibility and suitability of designating KWS as a tiger reserve.
 

Q: What is the government's perspective on the issue?

A: The government sees the declaration of Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary as a tiger reserve as an opportunity to boost employment through ecotourism. The move aims to enhance conservation efforts and protect wildlife in the area.
 

Q: How are local communities and activists responding to the controversy?

A: Local activists and communities, including indigenous tribes, have expressed concerns over potential tribal displacement and the impact on their livelihoods. They have submitted memorandums and resolutions against the tiger reserve designation.
 

Q: What are the next steps in this matter?

A: A committee will be formed to assess the requirements for designating KWS as a tiger reserve. The committee's findings will help determine whether Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary is suitable for supporting a tiger population


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