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COMPARISON : ICJ AND ICC



  May 30, 2024

COMPARISON : ICJ AND ICC



Aspect ICJ ICC
Full Name International Court of Justice International Criminal Court
Established 1945 2001
Foundation United Nations Charter Rome Statute
Location The Hague, Netherlands The Hague, Netherlands
Primary Function Resolves disputes between states Prosecutes individuals for serious crimes
Focus State responsibility Individual criminal responsibility
Jurisdiction General international law Genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, aggression
Judges 15 judges elected by UN General Assembly and Security Council 18 judges elected by Assembly of States Parties
Enforcement No enforcement power, relies on state compliance Relies on state cooperation for arrests
Binding Decisions Yes, but lacks enforcement power Yes, enforced through state cooperation
Advisory Opinions Provides non-binding legal opinions Not applicable
Consent for Cases Requires state consent for disputes.The Court can only deal with a dispute when the States concerned have recognized its jurisdiction. Initiated by member states, UN Security Council, or ICC Prosecutor
Example Case South Africa v. Israel on genocide Arrest warrants for leaders in Gaza conflict



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