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Community Conserved Areas (CCAs) in India



  Mar 02, 2024

Community Conserved Areas (CCAs) in India



What is a Community Conserved Area (CCA)?
A CCA is an area conserved by local communities for reasons including cultural significance, biodiversity values, and ecosystem services.

How many CCAs are there in India as of November 2023?
India has 220 community reserves covering 1,455.16 square kilometers, which is 0.04% of the country’s geographical area.

What is the legal status of CCAs in India?
CCAs represent the first instance in Indian legislation where private land is protected, facilitating the creation of community-owned wildlife resorts and conservation by non-profit organizations.

What are the purposes of CCAs?
CCAs aim to conserve biodiversity, maintain ecosystem services, and contribute to climate change mitigation.

What challenges do CCAs in India face?
CCAs face internal and external pressures, are often overlooked in government conservation policies, and some are at risk of degradation.

Can you give examples of community reserves in India?
Community reserves in India include areas in Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Haryana, Karnataka, and Kerala.

What unique practices are associated with CCAs in India?
Some CCAs involve unique cultural practices, such as the Bishnoi community’s tradition of wildlife conservation and sacred groves managed by local tribal councils or gram sabhas.

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