BEWARE OF FAKE INSTITUTES WITH SIMILAR NAMES. blank    blank
banner

Climate Phenomena: El Niño, La Niña, and the Indian Monsoon



  Feb 05, 2024

Climate Phenomena: El Niño, La Niña, and the Indian Monsoon



El Niño:

El Niño is a warm phase of the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and is associated with a band of warm ocean water that develops in the central and eastern equatorial Pacific. It can lead to a significant shift in weather patterns across the globe, typically resulting in drier and warmer conditions in certain regions, including a weaker monsoon in India.

La Niña:

La Niña is the cold phase of ENSO, characterized by cooler than normal ocean temperatures in the Equatorial Pacific. In India, La Niña is often linked to more robust monsoon seasons, with increased rainfall and cooler temperatures following the summer months.

ENSO-Neutral:

When neither El Niño nor La Niña is present, this is referred to as ENSO-neutral. During these periods, other climate patterns and ocean temperatures can play a more significant role in influencing the weather. In India, ENSO-neutral conditions generally lead to a monsoon season within the average range of rainfall variability.

Indian Monsoon:

The Indian monsoon is a critical climate system for the country, influencing agriculture, water supply, and overall weather patterns. It typically brings heavy rainfall and is vital for the region’s economy. The strength and distribution of the monsoon rainfall can be affected by the phases of ENSO.

Impact of ENSO on Indian Weather:

The interplay between El Niño, La Niña, and ENSO-neutral conditions can lead to varied impacts on India’s climate. A potential La Niña event may enhance the monsoon, leading to abundant rainfall after a hot summer, which might see frequent heatwaves. The development of La Niña towards the end of the year can bring relief after the summer’s high temperatures and is generally considered beneficial for the subsequent winter and monsoon.

SRIRAM’s


Share:
 

Get a call back

Fill the below form to get free counselling for UPSC Civil Services exam preparation

 
UPSC DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS

 
Amoebic Brain Infection Management:FAQs
 
EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE:THEORIES
 
EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE IN INDIAN CIVIL SERVICES
 
Dyson Sphere: Harnessing the Power of a Star
 
INDIA’S BIODIVERSITY HOTSPOTS&HABITAT FRAGMENTATION
 
BANGLADESH IN TURMOIL OVER QUOTA SYSTEM
 
3D PRINTING IN INDIA: A RISING INDUSTRY
 
3D PRINTING IN INDIA:ADVANCEMENTS AND ADVANTAGES
 
3D PRINTING IN INDIA TODAY
 
ISRO's 3D Printed Rocket Engine
 
INDIA’S HOPES AT THE PARIS OLYMPICS 2024
 
INTEGRATION OF JUNAGADH INTO INDIA
 
OPERATION POLO
 
Dual-tower solar thermal plant
 
BRICS De-Dollarization: Global Economic Impact