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Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) and India



  Apr 15, 2024

Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) and India



Q: What is the Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI)?

A: The CCPI is a tool developed by Germanwatch, an environmental NGO. It ranks 63 countries (and the EU) that contribute over 90% of global greenhouse gas emissions based on their performance in addressing climate change.

Q: How does the CCPI measure performance?

A: The CCPI uses a methodology based on 14 indicators categorized into three areas:

Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Measures a country's progress in reducing emissions.

Renewable Energy: Assesses the development and utilization of renewable energy sources.

Climate Policy: Evaluates a country's national climate policies and targets.

Q: How often is the CCPI released?

A: The CCPI is typically published annually, coinciding with major climate conferences like COP (Conference of the Parties).

Q: Who are the CCPI country experts?

A: A network of independent researchers and analysts with expertise in climate change and energy policy provide country-specific data and insights for the CCPI.

Q: What are the limitations of the CCPI?

A: The CCPI focuses primarily on national-level policies and actions. Individual state or regional variations within a country might not be fully captured.
The methodology is constantly evolving, making it challenging to directly compare rankings across different years.


 India's Performance in the Climate Change Index


Q: What was India's ranking in the latest Climate Change Performance Index, and how does it compare to the previous year?

A: India moved up to 7th place in the CCPI, demonstrating steady improvement in its efforts to address climate change.

Q: What are India's strongest areas in terms of climate change performance?

A: India received a "high" rating in these categories:

Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Relatively low per capita emissions contribute to this positive assessment.

Energy Use: Efforts to reduce reliance on fossil fuels and develop renewable energy are a key factor.

Q: Where does India need further improvement according to the CCPI?

A: The report identified these areas as "medium" performance:

Climate Policy: Stronger long-term policies and setting a more ambitious target date for Net-Zero would raise India's score.

Renewable Energy: While progress is being made, a faster transition to renewable sources is needed to match India's growing energy demands.

Q: What are some specific criticisms of India's climate action raised in the report?

A: Concerns highlighted include:

Continued Coal Reliance: Despite progress, India still relies heavily on coal, contributing to significant emissions.

Net-Zero Timeline: The 2070 target for achieving Net-Zero is considered lacking in ambition, with experts calling for an earlier date.

Social Impact of Renewable Projects: Ensuring that large-scale renewable energy projects benefit local communities and avoid negative social consequences.

Q: What do experts suggest India should focus on to further improve its climate performance?

A: Recommendations include:

Faster Coal Phase-Out: Decreasing reliance on coal and reducing reliance on gas for energy generation.

More Ambitious Net-Zero Goal: Setting an earlier target date (before 2070) for achieving net-zero emissions.

People-Centric Infrastructure: Developing sustainable infrastructure that is inclusive, affordable, and considers social and cultural factors.

Overall, the CCPI highlights India's progress in addressing climate change while also identifying critical areas where further action is needed to transition towards a sustainable and resilient future.



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