Trade and Economic Disputes: Ongoing disagreements over trade practices, tariffs, and access to markets.
Technology and Cybersecurity: Tensions arising from concerns over technology theft, cybersecurity, and the protection of intellectual property.
Regional Security Concerns: Differences over the South China Sea, Taiwan, and North Korea’s nuclear program.
Human Rights and Democratic Values: U.S. criticisms of China’s policies in Xinjiang, Hong Kong, and its approach to civil liberties.
Global Governance: Clashes in international institutions over issues such as climate change and global health, especially in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Chronology of Recent High-Level Interactions:
Since 2017, there have been fluctuations in high-level dialogues, with periods of intense negotiation and significant stand-offs.
High-level meetings have been sporadic, with the last major summit occurring pre-COVID-19 pandemic and only limited engagement since.
Meetings, when they occur, often focus on trade, with less emphasis on the broader strategic relationship.
The relationship is characterized by strategic competition, with both sides advancing their interests in a multipolar world.
Bilateral talks are cautious, with each side gauging the other’s intentions and commitments.
There is a recognition of the need for engagement on global challenges like climate change, despite bilateral tensions.
Mutual suspicion remains high, with both nations taking measures to safeguard their interests and security.