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India's Cheetah Conservation Initiatives



  Sep 05, 2023

Cheetah Conservation Efforts in India


Q1: Why is South Africa sending cheetahs to India?

A1: South African President, Cyril Ramaphosa, stated at the BRICS Summit that South Africa is willing to donate more cheetahs to India, acknowledging India's dedication to feline conservation.
 

Q2: How many cheetahs has South Africa sent to India so far?

A2: South Africa sent 12 cheetahs to India in February, following the eight big cats that Namibia sent in November 2022.
 

Q3: What has been the survival rate of these cheetahs?

A3: Nine cheetahs, including three cubs, released in Kuno National Park, Madhya Pradesh, have unfortunately died, leaving 15 survivors. The deaths have been attributed to bacterial infections, maggots, renal failure, injuries, and heat.
 

Q4: Is there a future plan for more cheetah translocations?

A4: According to an MoU between India and South Africa, 100 cheetahs will be translocated to India over the next decade, with an annual plan for 12 cheetahs. This MoU is set for a review every five years.
 

Q5: Why is there speculation about Kuno National Park being unsuitable for cheetahs?

A5: Concerns arise due to Kuno's moist climate, which contrasts with the cheetah's natural dry habitat. Additionally, Kuno was initially considered for lion translocation, leading some to question its suitability for cheetahs.
 

Q6: Are there plans to relocate the surviving cheetahs?

A6: Talks are underway about possibly moving the cheetahs to Mukundra Hills in Rajasthan. However, with tigers present in Mukundra Hills, there are concerns regarding conflicts between Project Cheetah and Project Tiger.
 

Q7: What did PM Modi say about big cat conservation at the BRICS summit?

A7: PM Modi discussed the Big Cat Alliance, suggesting that BRICS nations collaborate for the protection of big cats.
 

Q8: What is the International Big Cat Alliance?

A8: Launched in Mysuru on April 9, the International Big Cat Alliance (IBCA) focuses on conserving seven big cat species. The alliance aims to collaborate with 97 countries covering these cats' natural habitats.
 

Q9: Which big cats are covered under the International Big Cat Alliance?

A9: The IBCA covers the Tiger, Lion, Leopard, Snow Leopard, Cheetah, Jaguar, and Puma.
 

Q10: In light of the deaths, will India continue its efforts in cheetah conservation?

A10: While the deaths have ignited concerns, India remains committed to cheetah conservation, as evidenced by ongoing discussions about suitable habitats and international collaborations.


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