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Challenges of the Jal Jeevan Mission



  May 04, 2024

Challenges of the Jal Jeevan Mission



_India's Drinking Water Issue_

1. What are the historical context and evolution of India's drinking water challenges?

Answer: India's drinking water challenges have evolved over time, with traditional water management systems like stepwells and community ponds playing a crucial role in ensuring water availability for centuries. However, rapid population growth, urbanization, and industrialization have strained these systems, leading to increased water scarcity and pollution.

2. How do population pressure, urbanization, and climate change exacerbate India's drinking water challenges?

Answer: Population growth increases demand for freshwater, straining existing resources and infrastructure. Urbanization leads to inadequate infrastructure, unequal distribution, and limited access for marginalized communities. Climate change induces erratic rainfall patterns, droughts, and floods, further straining water resources.

3. What are the health implications of poor water quality in India, and how do they affect vulnerable populations?

Answer: Poor water quality leads to waterborne diseases like cholera, typhoid, and diarrhea, contributing to high morbidity and mortality rates, especially among children, the elderly, and those with compromised immune systems. Vulnerable populations, such as slum dwellers and rural communities, are disproportionately affected due to limited access to clean water and sanitation facilities.

_Jal Jeevan Mission_

1. What are the key features and objectives of the Jal Jeevan Mission, and how does it aim to address India's drinking water challenges?

Answer: The Jal Jeevan Mission aims to provide Functional Household Tap Connection (FHTC) to every rural household by 2024, improving water supply infrastructure, promoting decentralized water management, and strengthening water governance and community participation. The mission seeks to address challenges by increasing access to clean water, reducing waterborne diseases, promoting sustainable water management, and empowering local communities.

2. How will the Jal Jeevan Mission be implemented, and what are the roles of various stakeholders, including the government, civil society, and the private sector?

Answer: The mission will be implemented through a collaborative approach, involving the government, civil society organizations, the private sector, and local communities. The government will provide funding, policy support, and technical assistance, while civil society organizations will facilitate community engagement and awareness. The private sector will provide technology, expertise, and investment, and local communities will take ownership of water management and maintenance.

3. What are the expected outcomes and impact of the Jal Jeevan Mission, and how will its success be measured and monitored?

Answer: The mission aims to provide clean drinking water to every rural household, reduce waterborne diseases, and promote sustainable water management. Success will be measured through indicators such as increased access to FHTC, reduced incidence of waterborne diseases, and improved water quality. Monitoring will be done through regular surveys, water quality testing, and community feedback. ‎



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