BEWARE OF FAKE INSTITUTES WITH SIMILAR NAMES. blank    blank
banner

The Cerrado: Brazil's Rich Biodiversity



  Mar 16, 2024

Cerrado of Brazil



What is the Cerrado?

The Cerrado is one of the world's largest savannas, spanning several states across Brazil. It is characterized by its vast biodiversity, unique vegetation, and extensive network of rivers and streams. The Cerrado is often referred to as an "upside-down forest" due to the deep roots of its plants, which enable them to survive the region's seasonal droughts and fires.

Why is the Cerrado called an "upside-down forest"?

The Cerrado earns its nickname, "upside-down forest," because of the unique adaptation of its plants. Many plants in the Cerrado have deep root systems that reach far into the ground, much like the canopies of trees in a typical forest. These deep roots help plants access water during dry periods and provide stability during fires, making them vital for survival in the savanna's challenging environment.

How large is the Cerrado?

The Cerrado covers approximately 2 million square kilometers (about 772,000 square miles), making it the second-largest biome in South America after the Amazon rainforest. It represents about 22% of Brazil's land area, spreading across several states and encompassing a diverse range of landscapes.

Why is the Cerrado important for climate change mitigation?

The Cerrado plays a crucial role in climate change mitigation due to its status as a major carbon sink. The biome's extensive vegetation, including its deep-rooted plants, absorbs significant amounts of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, helping to offset greenhouse gas emissions. Despite facing threats from deforestation and agricultural expansion, the Cerrado's conservation is vital for maintaining global biodiversity and combating climate change.

What are the major threats to the Cerrado?

The Cerrado faces several threats, including:

Agricultural Expansion: Large-scale farming and ranching have led to significant deforestation and habitat loss in the Cerrado.
Urbanization: The growth of cities and infrastructure development has encroached upon the Cerrado, fragmenting habitats and reducing biodiversity.
Fires: Both natural and human-induced fires are common in the Cerrado, and while many species are adapted to fire, excessive burning can damage ecosystems.


How can the Cerrado be protected?

Protecting the Cerrado involves a multi-faceted approach, including:

Sustainable Land Use: Implementing sustainable agricultural practices can reduce the impact on the Cerrado's ecosystems.
Protected Areas: Expanding and enforcing protected areas can help preserve critical habitats and biodiversity.
Restoration Efforts: Restoring degraded areas of the Cerrado can help rejuvenate its ecosystems and carbon sequestration capacity.
Awareness and Education: Raising awareness about the importance of the Cerrado and educating stakeholders about conservation methods are key to its protection.



SRIRAM's


Share:
 

Get a call back

Fill the below form to get free counselling for UPSC Civil Services exam preparation

 
UPSC DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS

 
INDIA’S FERTILITY RATE DYNAMICS AND IMPACT
 
East China Sea Tensions:Senkaku Islands
 
NABARD's Agri-SURE Fund: Simplifier
 
VARKALA CLIFF: A NATIONAL GEOLOGICAL HERITAGE SITE
 
India's SDG Progress: NITI Aayog Report
 
Empowering Tier 2 & Tier 3 Cities: Aspirational ULB Initiative
 
INDIA AND RUSSIA TO TRADE IN NATIONAL CURRENCIES
 
India:The Skills Gap Challenge
 
BIMSTEC: India's Strategic Focus and "Act East" Policy
 
UNIFIED PAYMENTS INTERFACE (UPI)​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​
 
CADRE SYSTEM IN INDIAN CIVIL SERVICE
 
SALKHAN FOSSILS PARK: A WINDOW INTO EARLY LIFE ON EARTH
 
MULE ACCOUNTS AND RBI’S MEASURES
 
INDIA: COUNTER-PIRACY IN RED SEA
 
Indian Navy anti-piracy operation