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India's CCUS: Navigating Green Growth, Climate Goals



  Dec 06, 2023

Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Storage (CCUS) in India’s Context



Concept and Relevance to India:

1. Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Storage (CCUS): This technology involves capturing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from sources like power plants and industrial processes, using it in various applications, and storing it safely to prevent it from entering the atmosphere. Given India’s substantial greenhouse gas emissions from its heavy reliance on fossil fuels, CCUS is critical for mitigating climate impacts while supporting economic growth.

2. Alignment with Climate Goals: India, committed to the Paris Agreement, aims to reduce its carbon footprint. CCUS is pivotal in achieving these objectives, especially as India works towards a 50% reduction in emission intensity and a significant shift to non-fossil-based energy sources by 2030.

3. Utilization in Various Sectors: CCUS can transform captured CO2 into valuable products like green urea, building materials, and even fuels. This not only aids in reducing emissions but also fosters a circular economy, where waste products are reused effectively.

4. Geological Storage Potential: India has a significant potential for CO2 storage in geological formations. This capacity is crucial for long-term carbon storage solutions, essential for a large, rapidly developing economy like India.

5. Challenges Specific to India: High capital costs, technological challenges in effective CO2 capture, and the need for comprehensive CO2 storage assessments are key hurdles. Additionally, balancing the demand and supply of captured CO2 remains a challenge.

6. Economic and Employment Opportunities: Implementing CCUS technologies is not just environmentally critical but also economically beneficial. It can create significant employment opportunities in the green technology sector.

7. Global Collaborations and Progress: India’s participation in global initiatives like the Mission Innovation Challenge on CCUS and the Accelerating CCS Technologies (ACT) reflects its commitment to advancing CCUS technologies through international cooperation.

Summary: For India, embracing CCUS is a strategic move towards achieving its climate goals, reducing reliance on fossil fuels, and transitioning to a sustainable, green economy. While there are challenges, the potential benefits in terms of environmental impact, economic growth, and job creation are substantial.

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