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Caatinga Biome of Brazil



  Apr 18, 2024

Caatinga Biome of Brazil



The Basics

What is the Caatinga?

The Caatinga is a semi-arid biome located in northeastern Brazil. It's characterized by dry forests, thorny shrubs, and cacti.

Where does the name "Caatinga" come from?

It originates from the Tupi language, meaning "white forest" in reference to the landscape's appearance during the dry season.

How large is the Caatinga biome?

It covers approximately 10-11% of Brazil's landmass, making it a substantial ecosystem.


Climate and Adaptations

What are the Caatinga's climate patterns like?

The region experiences high temperatures, low rainfall, and a long dry season (around 7-11 months).

How have plants in the Caatinga adapted to the harsh conditions?

They have developed features like small leaves, thick bark, water storage capabilities, and the ability to shed leaves during droughts.

How do animals survive in the Caatinga?

Animals have adapted strategies like burrowing, nocturnal activity (avoiding daytime heat), and relying on moisture from food sources.


Biodiversity and Conservation

What kind of biodiversity does the Caatinga support?

It boasts surprisingly high biodiversity with hundreds of endemic species – those only found in this region.

What are some examples of animals unique to the Caatinga?

Six-banded armadillo, blue-crowned parakeet, maned wolf, Lear's macaw (an endangered parrot).

What threats does the Caatinga face?

Deforestation for agriculture and cattle ranching, unsustainable resource extraction, invasive species, and climate change.


People and the Caatinga

How do people interact with the Caatinga biome?

It's home to millions of people who depend on its resources for their livelihoods, such as agriculture and livestock grazing.

What are some cultural traditions associated with the Caatinga?

The region has a rich folklore tradition, with stories and practices that reflect the relationship between people and the unique environment.



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