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BUILDING FIRES IN INDIA: SIMPLIFIER



  Jun 03, 2024

BUILDING FIRES IN INDIA: SIMPLIFIER



Why Do Fire Accidents Happen?

Fire accidents in India often result from: Negligence: Builders, proprietors, and regulatory authorities frequently disregard fire safety norms.Inadequate Infrastructure: There is a shortage of fire stations and fire service personnel.

Outdated Safety Measures: Many buildings do not comply with modern fire safety standards.

Recent Tragic Incidents: Rajkot, Gujarat: A fire at a gaming center. Delhi: A fire at a newborn nursing clinic.

These incidents resulted in over 30 deaths and highlight the urgent need for improved fire safety.

Current Fire Safety Protocols: National Building Code of India (NBC) 2016: Sets detailed fire safety protocols but is only recommendatory.State and Municipality Level Enforcement: Fire safety is a State subject, leading to inconsistent enforcement.

Steps Taken by Policymakers: National Disaster Management Authority: Recommended ₹7,000 crore for revamping fire and emergency services.13th Finance Commission: Sought almost ₹90,000 crore for fire safety at the municipality level.Home Ministry's Response: India has only 3,377 fire stations, far less than the required number. The staff shortage is also severe.Funding: The Centre allocated ₹5,000 crore, asking States to contribute another ₹1,400 crore for modernizing emergency services. The 15th Finance Commission advised setting aside 12.5% of disaster funds for this purpose.

What More Can Be Done?

1. Increase Fire Stations and Personnel: Establish more fire stations.Hire and train additional fire service personnel.

2. Enforce Fire Safety Norms: Ensure strict enforcement of the NBC 2016 at the State and municipality levels.Regular inspections and penalties for non-compliance.

3. Modernize Infrastructure: Update construction materials and electrical systems to meet modern fire safety standards.Synchronize the NBC 2016 with the Energy Conservation Building Code for a holistic approach.

4. Public Awareness and Training: Conduct fire safety awareness programs.Provide fire safety training for building occupants and staff.

5. Emergency Preparedness: Develop comprehensive emergency response plans.Conduct regular fire drills and simulations.

India's policymakers, along with builders, proprietors, and regulatory authorities, must urgently address the threat of building fires to prevent future tragedies and ensure public safety.


SRIRAM’s


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