BEWARE OF FAKE INSTITUTES WITH SIMILAR NAMES. blank    blank
banner

Biomass Waste Management in India



  May 03, 2024

Biomass Waste Management in India



1. What is biomass waste?

Examples: Crop residues like rice straw, sugarcane bagasse, cotton stalks, wood chips, food waste, animal manure.

2. Why is biomass waste management a challenge in India?

● Open-field burning of crop residues is common, causing air pollution.

● Lack of organized waste collection systems, especially in rural areas.

3. What are the benefits of effective biomass waste management?     

● Reduces environmental impact and health hazards.

● Provides a renewable energy source to reduce dependence on fossil fuels.

● Creates employment opportunities in sectors like biogas production and organic fertilizer manufacturing.

4. What are some methods for utilizing biomass waste in India?

Composting: Programs like Swachh Bharat Mission promote decentralized composting, turning waste into fertilizer for farmers.

Anaerobic digestion: GOBAR-Dhan scheme supports biogas plants, converting waste into cooking fuel and organic manure.

Gasification: Used in biomass power plants to produce electricity, especially in regions with surplus biomass.

Direct combustion: Power plants use biomass as a co-fuel with coal to reduce emissions.

5. What are some government initiatives promoting biomass utilization?

National Policy on Biofuels (2018): Promotes bioethanol and biodiesel production from biomass.

Biomass Power & Cogeneration Programme: Supports biomass-based power generation projects.

Pradhan Mantri JI-VAN Yojana: Scheme incentivizes compressed biogas production from various organic wastes.

6. What are the future challenges and opportunities for biomass waste management in India?

Technology development: Need for efficient and scalable technologies to process different biomass feedstocks.

Waste collection & logistics: Organized collection systems, especially in rural areas, are needed for proper utilization.

7. How can individuals contribute to better biomass waste management?

Home composting: Convert kitchen and garden waste into fertilizer.

Proper waste segregation: Separate organic waste for municipal collection or community composting programs.



SRIRAM's

 


Share:
 

Get a call back

Fill the below form to get free counselling for UPSC Civil Services exam preparation

 
UPSC DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS

 
Indian Ocean humpback dolphin (Sousa plumbea)
 
Indian Ocean humpback dolphin (Sousa plumbea)
 
DARK WEB AND NATIONAL SECURITY
 
DARK WEB AND TERRORISM
 
Finance Commission :Simplifier
 
Laws to combat superstition
 
Indian Foreign Policy and Strategic autonomy
 
Puja Khedkar and UPSC
 
ICAR : ‘ONE SCIENTIST ONE PRODUCT’
 
CROWDSTRIKE AND THE WINDOWS BSOD OUTAGE
 
ASHOKA CHAKRA IN THE INDIAN FLAG
 
Top ten most populous countries as of 2024:
 
Top ten largest countries by land area:
 
Lok Sabha Business Advisory Committee:
 
India's Electronic Sector and Global Value Chains