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Gaza Strip : History , People and Hamas - An In-Depth Look.



  Oct 11, 2023

Basics about Gaza Strip



What is the Gaza Strip?

The Gaza Strip is a small exclave bordering Israel, Egypt, and the Mediterranean Sea. Covering an area of 365 square km, it’s one of the world’s most densely populated areas.

Who lives in Gaza?

The Gaza Strip is home to over 2 million Palestinians.

What is the historical significance of Gaza?

After World War I, the region was part of the British-controlled League of Nations mandate of Palestine. Post the 1947 UN partition plan, it was controlled by Egypt until 1967, when Israel took control after the Six-Day War.

What are the living conditions in Gaza?

Due to an Israel-imposed blockade, residents face chronic shortages of essential resources. This blockade has led to high rates of unemployment, poverty, and dependency on international aid.

Basics about Hamas

What is Hamas?

Hamas is a Palestinian Sunni-Islamic fundamentalist militant organization. It has a political as well as a military wing and is considered a terrorist organization by several countries, including Israel and the U.S.

When was Hamas founded?

Hamas was founded in 1987, during the First Intifada (uprising) against Israel.

What are Hamas’s objectives?

Hamas’s charter, penned in 1988, called for the establishment of an Islamic Palestinian state in place of Israel. While it has shown willingness for a long-term truce, it has not recognized Israel as a state.

How did Hamas come to control Gaza?

Hamas won the Palestinian legislative elections in 2006. Following a conflict with the rival Fatah party in 2007, Hamas took control of the Gaza Strip.

What is the relationship between Hamas and Israel?

The relationship is adversarial. Since Hamas’s inception, it has been in conflict with Israel, leading to multiple wars and skirmishes.

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