lochistan, a province in southwestern Pakistan, stem from several factors:
Human Rights and Humanitarian Concerns: Reports of human rights abuses, including enforced disappearances, extrajudicial killings, torture, and suppression of dissent, in Balochistan have raised humanitarian concerns. India, like other nations, is concerned about the well-being and rights of people affected by such violence and repression.
Ethnic and Nationalist Movements: Balochistan has a history of ethnic and nationalist movements seeking greater autonomy or even independence from Pakistan. India's concerns might relate to the potential spread of these movements or the broader implications of ethnic tensions in the region.
Cross-Border Terrorism and Proxy Warfare: India has accused Pakistan of supporting cross-border terrorism in Indian-administered Kashmir and other regions. If India perceives that Pakistan is using similar tactics, such as supporting insurgent groups, in Balochistan, it could raise concerns about regional stability and security.
Geostrategic Considerations: Balochistan's location near the Arabian Sea and its resources, including the Gwadar Port developed with Chinese assistance, make it strategically significant. Any instability or conflict in Balochistan could have ripple effects on regional dynamics, trade routes, and energy security.
Support for Self-Determination: India's foreign policy often aligns with supporting the right to self-determination for oppressed or marginalized groups. While India denies any direct involvement in Balochistan's separatist movements, its stance on self-determination could influence its concerns about the Baloch people's rights and aspirations.
Diplomatic Rivalry with Pakistan: India and Pakistan have a history of tense relations, marked by conflicts and disputes. Any unrest or conflict in Balochistan could add another dimension to their rivalry, potentially affecting regional stability.
India emphasizes diplomatic and political solutions to address such issues. India's concerns are part of a broader regional and geopolitical landscape that includes security, stability, human rights, and its relationship with Pakistan.