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AUKUS, Indo-Pacific, and India: Geopolitical Relations



  Apr 11, 2024

AUKUS, Indo-Pacific, and India: Geopolitical Relations



What is the basic structure of AUKUS?

AUKUS is a trilateral security pact formed in 2021 between Australia, the United Kingdom, and the United States. It consists of two main pillars: the first focuses on delivering nuclear-powered attack submarines to Australia, and the second, known as Pillar Two, commits the members to jointly develop key technologies such as quantum computing, undersea capabilities, hypersonics, artificial intelligence, and cyber technology.

What are the motives behind the formation of AUKUS?

The primary motive behind AUKUS is to counteract China’s growing power and assertiveness in the Indo-Pacific region. By enhancing technological cooperation and strengthening military capabilities, AUKUS aims to promote stability and security, ensuring freedom of navigation and overflight in the region.

How does AUKUS impact geopolitical dynamics in the Indo-Pacific?

AUKUS significantly impacts the geopolitical landscape by potentially altering the balance of power in the Indo-Pacific. It signifies a strengthened resolve among Australia, the UK, and the US to collaborate closely on advanced defense technologies and strategic deterrence, which could lead to a recalibration of regional security architectures and alliances.

What is India’s view on AUKUS?

While India is not a part of AUKUS, it has interests in ensuring a free, open, and inclusive Indo-Pacific region. India may view AUKUS as a positive development for regional stability, given its own concerns about China’s assertiveness. However, India might also seek to balance its relations with all major powers involved and might be interested in engaging with AUKUS nations on technology sharing and defense cooperation, particularly under Pillar Two of the pact.

Is there potential for India to join AUKUS?

As of now, there is no indication that AUKUS will be expanded to include India as a member. However, there have been informal talks about potential cooperation between India and AUKUS nations on emerging technologies. Any such cooperation would likely focus on non-nuclear domains, given India’s strategic autonomy policy and its historical stance on nuclear issues.

How does China view AUKUS?

China has criticized AUKUS, describing the pact as escalatory and claiming that it could trigger a regional arms race. Beijing views AUKUS as part of broader efforts by the US and its allies to contain China’s rise and challenge its interests in the Indo-Pacific.

What are the future prospects for AUKUS?

AUKUS is expected to deepen collaboration on advanced technologies and strengthen military capabilities among its member states. The pact may also seek to expand cooperation with other like-minded countries in the Indo-Pacific on shared security concerns, although formal expansion of membership remains uncertain. The evolution of AUKUS will continue to be closely watched for its impact on regional and global security dynamics.

These FAQs aim to shed light on the AUKUS pact, its implications for the Indo-Pacific geopolitical landscape, and how it intersects with India’s strategic interests in the region.



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