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Atma Nirbharata in Defense: India's Self-Reliance Leap



  Feb 03, 2024

Atma Nirbharata in Defence: India’s Leap Towards Self-Reliance



India’s Strategic Move in Defence Indigenisation

India’s pursuit of Atma Nirbharata (self-reliance) in defence production marks a significant stride towards bolstering national security and fostering economic growth. The Director of the Department of Defence Production, Amit Satija, highlighted this achievement at a state-level conclave for Defence MSMEs in Nagpur, showcasing India’s commitment to enhancing its defence capabilities through indigenous means.

Key Highlights:

Indigenisation Progress: Out of 4,666 defence items listed for indigenisation, India has successfully indigenised 2,920 items. These items encompass a wide range, including assemblies, sub-assemblies, raw materials, critical spares, and components, thereby reducing dependency on foreign imports and enhancing the domestic defence manufacturing ecosystem.

Encouraging MSME Participation: The conclave focused on “Enhancing the participation of MSMEs in the Defence sector,” reflecting the government’s aim to integrate small and medium enterprises into the defence supply chain. This initiative not only promotes self-reliance but also supports economic diversification and job creation.

Make-I, Make-II, and Make-III Categories: The government has introduced industry-friendly measures within these categories to streamline the participation process. Make-I refers to government-funded projects, Make-II involves industry-funded initiatives, and Make-III aims at import substitution to foster self-reliance.

Under Make-II, 102 projects for the Army, Navy, and Air Force have received in-principle approval, showcasing a significant push towards indigenous production. The Make-I category has seen 44 projects getting the nod, while Make-III has three projects approved, indicating a balanced approach towards funding and promoting defence projects.

Implications for Defence Self-reliance:

The indigenisation of defence items and the strategic focus on involving MSMEs in the defence sector are monumental steps towards achieving Atma Nirbharata. This not only ensures a secure and self-reliant defence mechanism but also fosters innovation, competitiveness, and sustainability within the Indian defence manufacturing sector. The issuance of 40 to 50 licences annually for defence production further signifies the government’s commitment to this cause.

Conclusion:

India’s journey towards defence indigenisation and self-reliance is a testament to the nation’s resolve to build a robust and independent defence sector. Through strategic policies and initiatives, India is not only securing its borders but also paving the way for economic resilience and technological advancement in the defence industry.

SRIRAM’s


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