Assam Rifles: Comprehensive Guide to Everything You Need to

  Aug 14, 2023

Assam Rifles:All You Need to Know for

1. What are the Assam Rifles?

The Assam Rifles is one of the oldest paramilitary forces in India. It was originally raised by the British in 1835 as the 'Cachar Levy' to protect settlements from tribals in hilly areas.

2. What is the primary area of operation for the Assam Rifles?

The northeast region of India is the primary area of operation for the Assam Rifles.

3. How has the Assam Rifles evolved over the years?

The force expanded from its initial form as 'Cachar Levy' and integrated additional units to become the 'Frontier Force,' extending administrative control over remote tribal areas. It played a role in World Wars, counter-insurgency operations, and has grown in strength over time.

4. What is the role of Assam Rifles in counter-insurgency operations?

The Assam Rifles has been actively involved in counter-insurgency operations, earning the nickname 'sentinels of the northeast.' It has participated in efforts to maintain peace and security in the region.

5. How many battalions does the Assam Rifles have?

The Assam Rifles has grown from 17 battalions in 1960 to 46 battalions, with a sanctioned strength of around 63,000 personnel.

6. What is the command and control structure of the Assam Rifles?

The Assam Rifles operates under the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) administratively but has operational control with the Ministry of Defence. This dual control structure has led to ongoing tensions and debates.

7. What has been the historical significance of the Assam Rifles?

The force has a rich history, participating in World Wars, counter-insurgency efforts, and maintaining security in the northeast region of India. It has played a crucial role in maintaining peace in challenging terrains.

8. What challenges has the Assam Rifles faced?

The force has faced criticism and strained relations with local populations due to incidents leading to civilian casualties. The controversial Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) has been a point of contention in their operations.

9. Has there been any proposal to change the operational control of the Assam Rifles?

Yes, there has been a proposal to shift operational control of the Assam Rifles by merging it with the Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP). However, this proposal has faced opposition from the Army, which believes it could impact surveillance along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) and the force's assistance capabilities.

10. What is the significance of the Assam Rifles in maintaining security along India's borders?

The Assam Rifles plays a crucial role in guarding India's borders, particularly the India-Myanmar border, while the Indian Army secures the India-China border. Its presence helps ensure territorial integrity and security in sensitive regions.


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