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ASEAN and Myanmar Crisis: Regional Responses



  Mar 13, 2024

ASEAN’s Response to the Myanmar Crisis


 
1. What is ASEAN’s Five-Point Consensus?

The ASEAN’s Five-Point Consensus is a framework agreed upon by ASEAN leaders to address the crisis in Myanmar. It includes the immediate cessation of violence, dialogue among all parties, mediation facilitated by an ASEAN Special Envoy, humanitarian aid provision, and the Envoy’s visit to Myanmar to meet with all parties.

2. How has Thailand’s stance on Myanmar changed?

Under Prime Minister Srettha Thavisin, Thailand has shifted its policy towards a more consultative, ASEAN-based approach towards Myanmar. This marks a departure from the previous government’s stance, which undermined ASEAN positions and provided support to Myanmar’s military regime.

3. Who is ASEAN’s Special Envoy to Myanmar?

ASEAN’s Special Envoy to Myanmar is Alounkeo Kittikhoun, a seasoned diplomat with extensive knowledge of the region. He is tasked with facilitating dialogue and coordination among ASEAN member states and Myanmar to resolve the crisis.

4. What challenges does the ASEAN face in resolving the Myanmar crisis?

The ASEAN faces several challenges, including ensuring adherence to the Five-Point Consensus by all parties, managing the internal dynamics within Myanmar, and coordinating humanitarian aid amidst ongoing conflict. The diversity of positions and interests among ASEAN member states further complicates these efforts.

5. What implications does the conflict in Myanmar have for regional security?

The conflict poses significant risks for regional security, including the displacement of people, the spread of violence across borders, and the potential for escalated conflict drawing in neighboring countries. It also tests the efficacy and unity of ASEAN in addressing such crises.

6. How is the international community involved in the Myanmar issue?

The international community, including countries like China, India, the European Union, Japan, and the United States, is engaged through diplomatic, economic, and humanitarian efforts. These efforts are coordinated with ASEAN through platforms such as the ASEAN Plus Three, the ASEAN Regional Forum, and the East Asia Summit.

7. What are the prospects for peace in Myanmar?

While the path to peace remains challenging, the coordinated approach by ASEAN and the international community, alongside internal pressure on Myanmar’s military, offers a framework for dialogue and resolution. However, the effectiveness of these efforts depends on the commitment of all parties to cease hostilities and engage in constructive dialogue.


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