BEWARE OF FAKE INSTITUTES WITH SIMILAR NAMES. blank    blank
banner

Article 1: The Foundation of India



  May 02, 2024

Article 1: The Foundation of India



► Clause 1:

● Names: Establishes India's official names: "India" (its English name) and "Bharat" (its Hindi name). Both are equally official.

● Structure: Declares India as a "Union of States" giving importance to States. 

► Clause 2:

● Components: Specifies that India consists of the states and territories listed in the First Schedule of the Constitution.

► Clause 3:

● Territorial Scope: Defines India's territory as:

   a) Territories of the existing states

   b) Union Territories listed in the First Schedule

   c) Any future territories that India might acquire

► Key Takeaways

● India's Identity: Article 1 establishes India's name, emphasizing its dual identity with both English and Hindi names.

● Territorial Flexibility: It allows for the future acquisition of territories, acknowledging the potential for change in India's geographical boundaries.

► Important Points:

India: A Union of States

● India is comprised of 28 states and 8 Union Territories.

● The term "Union of States" doesn't imply a unitary structure. India has a strong federal character.

● Reasons for using  "Union of States" wording include:

   ○ India was already a union when the Constitution was drafted.

   The desire to emphasize India's unity and indivisibility.

   ○ States do not have the right to secede, unlike classic federations.

► Key Terms

● Union of India: Refers specifically to the states, highlighting their federal relationship with the central government.

● Territory of India: A broader geographical term encompassing states, Union Territories, and any potentially acquired territories.

● Republic of India: India's official name in the international context.

● Union of India (legal): The central government's legal name (e.g., used in lawsuits).

► Acquiring and Ceding Territory

● The government can acquire territory (Article 1(3)(c)), but there is no constitutional provision for ceding territory.

● The Supreme Court has ruled that a constitutional amendment is required to cede any Indian territory.



SRIRAM's


 


Share:
 

Get a call back

Fill the below form to get free counselling for UPSC Civil Services exam preparation

 
UPSC DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS

 
RBI’S MONETARY POLICY STANCE
 
French Revolution and India
 
MUSLIM WOMEN UNDER SECTION 125 OF CRPC:
 
BASTILLE DAY
 
INDIA-BASED NEUTRINO OBSERVATORY (INO)
 
India's Critical Minerals Strategy
 
Conflict in Sudan:
 
ASIAN PROTECTIONISM:RESPONSE TO CHINESE OVERCAPACITY
 
IVF Treatments in India
 
Indian quantum cryptography discovery
 
Climate Change : Loss and damage fund
 
INDIA’S FERTILITY RATE DYNAMICS AND IMPACT
 
East China Sea Tensions:Senkaku Islands
 
Green steel and the hydrogen-based DRI production method
 
NABARD's Agri-SURE Fund: Simplifier