BEWARE OF FAKE INSTITUTES WITH SIMILAR NAMES. blank    blank
banner

Lok Sabha: Collective Responsibility Overview



  Sep 02, 2023

Art.75-Collective Responsibility to the Lok Sabha: An Overview


1. Definition and Essence:

 
Collective responsibility refers to the principle where the entire council of ministers, including the Prime Minister, is accountable for the decisions and actions of the government.
 
Every minister, irrespective of their portfolio, bears joint responsibility for government policies, actions, and performance.
 

2. Significance in the Parliamentary System:

 
This principle is foundational in parliamentary democracies.
 
In India, the Lok Sabha, the lower house of Parliament, holds the government to this principle.
 
While ministers are appointed by the President, their political legitimacy comes from the majority support in the Lok Sabha.
 

3. Implications of Collective Responsibility:

 
Any government decision or action is attributed to the entire council.
 
The entire cabinet is expected to defend any decision or action taken, even if it faces opposition or criticism.
 
A loss of majority support in the Lok Sabha can trigger a vote of no confidence, leading to the resignation of the entire council of ministers.
 

4. Role of the Indian Constitution: Article 75

 
Prime Minister's Appointment: The Prime Minister is appointed by the President, and other Ministers are appointed based on the Prime Minister's advice.
 
Collective Accountability: The Council of Ministers is collectively responsible to the Lok Sabha. This ensures that the government remains answerable to the elected representatives.
 
Oaths: Before taking office, ministers are administered oaths of office and secrecy as defined in the Third Schedule of the Constitution.
 
Parliamentary Membership Requirement: Any Minister not a member of either parliamentary house for six consecutive months must resign from their ministerial position.
 

5. Importance of Collective Responsibility:

 
It ensures government cohesion, stability, and accountability.
 
The entire cabinet remains collectively accountable for decisions, particularly those made by the Prime Minister.
 
It's essential for the efficient functioning of India's parliamentary democracy.
 
In summary, the principle of collective responsibility is a cornerstone of the parliamentary system in India, ensuring that the entire council of ministers remains unified and accountable to the Lok Sabha, and by extension, to the citizens of the country.


Share:
 

Get a call back

Fill the below form to get free counselling for UPSC Civil Services exam preparation

 
UPSC DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS

 
ANTARCTICA: BRUNT ICE SHELF CALVING EVENT
 
Northern Lights: Mysteries & Marvels
 
GIFT SEZ & IFSCA: Gujarat's Global Financial Hub
 
Manual Scavenging in India:Laws and Rulings
 
Global Public Goods
 
SISUPALGARH ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE
 
Unlocking Justice: Plea Bargaining in Indian Law
 
PANINI'S SANSKRIT GRAMMAR
 
Statute of Westminster 1931 and India
 
THE MYTH OF TRAILOKYAVIJAYA AND ITS CULTURAL SIGNIFICANCE
 
Outer Space Treaty (OST) and India
 
Indian Soldiers Remembered: Heliopolis WW1 Memorial
 
India's Participation in the Artemis Accords
 
Gender Dynamics in Ancient India: Insights from Romila Thapar
 
Social Stock Exchange (SSE)