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Archaeological Discoveries at Kalibangan



  Apr 30, 2024

Archaeological Discoveries at Kalibangan



1. What is the significance of Kalibangan in archaeological studies?

Kalibangan is significant for being a major site of the Indus Valley Civilization, particularly noted for having the earliest-known ploughed agricultural field in the Indian subcontinent. This highlights the advanced agricultural practices of the settlers around 4,700 years ago.

2. What findings at Kalibangan provide insights into its historical inhabitants?

Archaeologists at Kalibangan have unearthed a variety of artifacts, including terracotta and shell bangles, stone tools, and a range of funerary objects from different types of burials, which suggest diverse cultural practices and social structures.

3. What does the discovery of different burial types at Kalibangan suggest about the society?

The presence of three different types of burials, including one with evidence of trephination, suggests a complex society with varied rituals and possibly differing social statuses, reflecting a sophisticated understanding of both life and death.

4. How do the petroglyphs found at Kalibangan contribute to our understanding of pre-Harappan and Harappan periods?

The petroglyphs provide a visual representation of the daily life, religious beliefs, and the environment of the people during the pre-Harappan and Harappan periods, offering crucial insights into their interactions with the natural world and each other.

5. Why is the Ghaggar River significant to the history of Kalibangan?

The proximity of Kalibangan to the now dried-up Ghaggar River suggests that the river likely played a crucial role in the settlement's agriculture and habitation patterns. The abandonment of Kalibangan is believed to be linked to the drying up of the river, pointing to the dependency of ancient civilizations on local water sources.

These FAQs aim to provide a comprehensive understanding of the archaeological significance of Kalibangan and its contributions to the broader narrative of the Indus Valley Civilization.


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