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ANCIENT INDIAN MATHEMATICAL TRADITIONS



  Apr 19, 2024

ANCIENT INDIAN MATHEMATICAL TRADITIONS



What are some key mathematical discoveries made in ancient India?

Ancient Indian mathematicians made significant contributions across various fields of mathematics. For example, the concept of zero as a number was first used in the ancient Indian text, the Bakshali manuscript. The Baudhayana theorem, known in the West as the Pythagorean theorem, was described in ancient Indian texts long before Pythagoras. Additionally, Aryabhata's treatise, Aryabhatiya, introduced the trigonometric functions of sine (jya) and cosine (kotijya).

How did ancient Indians use mathematics in their scriptures?

Ancient Indian texts, such as the Yajurveda, used mathematical concepts to formulate large numbers. They included terms for numbers as large as 10-to-the-power-10 and 10-to-the-power-12, showcasing an advanced understanding of mathematics in religious and philosophical contexts.

What is the significance of Pi in ancient Indian mathematics?

The infinite value of Pi was first calculated by the Indian mathematician Madhava of Sangamagrama in the 14th century. His work laid the foundation for mathematical series expansions of trigonometric functions, which are part of what is now known as the "Madhava-Leibniz series" for calculating Pi.

Was the Fibonacci series known in ancient India?

Yes, the concept of the Fibonacci series was known to Indian mathematician Virahanka in the 7th century. This sequence was described in ancient Indian mathematics as it applied to the study of prosody and was later popularized in the West by Leonardo of Pisa, known as Fibonacci.

These FAQs highlight the depth and breadth of mathematical knowledge in ancient India, reflecting its historical significance and influence on both Indian and global mathematical traditions.



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