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Agnikul Cosmos: Inaugural Rocket Launch



  Mar 20, 2024

Agnikul Cosmos’ First Rocket Launch



What is Agnikul Cosmos?

Agnikul Cosmos is a space start-up based in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, focused on developing and launching rockets. It aims to provide accessible and affordable space launch options for small satellites. Founded in 2017, Agnikul Cosmos has emerged as a notable player in India’s growing private space industry.

What is significant about the Agnibaan SOrTeD launch?

The launch of Agnibaan Sub Orbital Technology Demonstrator (SOrTeD) is significant for several reasons:

• It’s the first rocket launch from a private launchpad in India, marking a new era in the country’s space exploration efforts.
• It features India’s first semi-cryogenic engine powered rocket.
• It showcases the world’s first single-piece 3D printed engine that has been designed and built indigenously.

What is a semi-cryogenic engine?

A semi-cryogenic engine uses a combination of liquid oxygen (LOX) and a hydrocarbon fuel, typically kerosene, as propellants. This type of engine combines the high density of hydrocarbon fuels with the high efficiency of cryogenic oxidizers, offering a balance between performance and ease of handling.

What makes the 3D printed engine unique?

The 3D printed engine utilized in Agnibaan SOrTeD is noteworthy for being the world’s most integrated single-piece construction. This innovation reduces the complexity of engine assembly, potentially lowers manufacturing costs, and can lead to increased reliability due to fewer parts and joints that could fail.

What is a sub-orbital launch?

A sub-orbital launch refers to a flight where the spacecraft reaches space but does not gain enough velocity to enter into orbit around the Earth. These missions are valuable for testing new technologies, conducting scientific research, and simulating conditions of space travel without the full commitment of an orbital launch.

What is a flight termination system?

A flight termination system (FTS) is a safety mechanism designed to destroy a rocket in case it deviates from its intended flight path, posing a risk to public safety. The inclusion of an FTS in Agnikul’s launch highlights the comprehensive safety measures being adopted.

What does “gimballed thrust vector control” mean?

Gimballed thrust vector control is a technique used to steer a rocket’s direction by pivoting its engine nozzles. This allows for precise control of the rocket’s trajectory, improving accuracy and stability during flight.

What are the future plans for Agnikul Cosmos following this launch?

Following the Agnibaan SOrTeD launch, Agnikul Cosmos plans to conduct a thorough post-flight analysis to evaluate the performance of all subsystems. The immediate goal is to prepare for an orbital flight, aiming to extend the company’s capabilities in space transportation.

How does this launch impact India’s space industry?

The successful launch of Agnibaan SOrTeD by Agnikul Cosmos represents a significant milestone in the development of India’s private space sector. It showcases the potential for innovation and collaboration between private enterprises and government agencies, such as ISRO, paving the way for increased commercialization and global competitiveness in space technology.
 

SRIRAM'S


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