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Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve



  Mar 18, 2024

Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve



1. What is the Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve?

The Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve is a protected area and biodiversity hotspot located at the southernmost tip of the Western Ghats mountain range in India. Established in 2001, it spans across the states of Kerala and Tamil Nadu and is recognized for its rich ecological diversity and unique flora and fauna.

2. What makes the Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve significant?

The Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve is renowned for its endemic species and rich biodiversity. It serves as a vital habitat for a wide range of flora and fauna, including several endemic and endangered species. The reserve also plays a crucial role in maintaining ecological balance and supporting the livelihoods of local communities.

3. What is Chenkurinji (Gluta travancorica), and why is it significant?

Chenkurinji (Gluta travancorica) is a species endemic to the Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve. It is a flowering plant known for its medicinal properties, including its use in lowering blood pressure and treating arthritis. The species' flowering pattern has been observed to extend due to climate change, highlighting the ecological impacts of environmental shifts in the region.

4. Where is the Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve located?

The Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve is situated at the southernmost tip of the Western Ghats, spanning the states of Kerala and Tamil Nadu in India. Its geographical location in the Western Ghats makes it a hotspot for biodiversity and ecological research.

5. What are some activities and attractions within the Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve?

Visitors to the Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve can explore its diverse ecosystems, including tropical forests, grasslands, and montane regions. The reserve offers opportunities for trekking, birdwatching, and wildlife spotting, allowing visitors to experience the natural beauty and wildlife diversity of the Western Ghats firsthand.

6. How is climate change impacting the Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve?

Climate change is affecting the Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve in various ways, including alterations in the flowering patterns of endemic species like Chenkurinji (Gluta travancorica). Changes in temperature and precipitation patterns may disrupt ecological processes and threaten the survival of vulnerable species, emphasizing the importance of conservation efforts and sustainable management practices.

7. What conservation efforts are underway in the Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve?

Conservation efforts in the Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve focus on habitat restoration, biodiversity conservation, and sustainable development initiatives. Collaborative projects involving local communities, government agencies, and non-profit organizations aim to protect and preserve the unique ecosystems and cultural heritage of the region for future generations.

The Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve stands as a testament to India's commitment to biodiversity conservation and sustainable development, offering a glimpse into the ecological richness of the Western Ghats.




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