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2nd SRC: Need for More Indian States?



  Apr 20, 2024

2nd SRC: Need for More Indian States?



What is the States Reorganisation Commission (SRC)?

The SRC was initially set up by the Government of India in 1953 to evaluate the demands for the creation of new states on linguistic lines. Its recommendations led to the formation of 14 states and 6 union territories in 1956, realigning India's federal structure largely based on linguistic demographics.

Why are there demands for a second SRC?

Continuous demands for the creation of new states in India, based on various criteria including language, culture, economic needs, and administrative efficiency, have led to calls for a second SRC. This would provide a structured, ongoing process to evaluate and address these demands systematically rather than handling them ad hoc.

What might be the implications of redrawing state lines to create more states?

Redrawing state lines to create more states could potentially bring governance closer to the people, improve administrative efficiency, and enhance cultural representation. However, it could also lead to challenges such as increased administrative costs, potential regional conflicts, and complexities in managing resources and infrastructures.

What are some recent demands for new states?

Recent demands for new states include Maru Pradesh from Rajasthan, Ladakh,Vidarbha from Maharashtra, and Gorkhaland from West Bengal. Each demand is rooted in distinct regional identities and perceived administrative neglect or economic underdevelopment.

How could a second SRC address these demands?

A second SRC could provide a fair, transparent, and expert-driven process to assess statehood demands. It would consider factors like economic viability, administrative efficiency, cultural cohesion, and historical factors in its evaluations, ensuring that all voices are heard and considered objectively.

What are the benefits and drawbacks of creating more states?

Benefits might include more tailored governance, better resource allocation, and stronger regional representation, potentially leading to greater public satisfaction and localized development. Drawbacks could involve the complexities of division, potential inter-state disputes, increased bureaucracy, and the financial burden of setting up new state governments.

How could the reorganization impact India's federal democratic polity?

Reorganizing states could invigorate democracy by decentralizing power and making government more accessible to the populace. However, it also risks fragmenting unity and complicating national policymaking processes. Balancing local autonomy with national unity would be crucial.

What alternative suggestions have been proposed?

Alternatives include not only the formation of new states but also the possibility of redefining state boundaries based on current socio-economic realities and historical contexts, or enhancing the powers granted under the fifth and sixth schedules of the Indian Constitution to accommodate local governance within existing states.

Addressing the complex web of statehood demands in India requires thoughtful consideration of the multifaceted impacts on the nation's future, both administratively and culturally. An informed, inclusive approach would be essential in navigating the potential reorganization of states to ensure it serves the broader goals of governance and national unity.



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