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2025 DECLARED THE YEAR OF QUANTUM SCIENCE



  Jun 17, 2024

2025 DECLARED THE YEAR OF QUANTUM SCIENCE



What is the significance of 2025 being declared the International Year of Quantum Science and Technology?

The United Nations has designated 2025 as the International Year of Quantum Science and Technology to increase public awareness about the importance of quantum science and its applications. This year-long, worldwide initiative will feature activities at all levels.

How was the proclamation made?

The initiative began with a resolution led by Mexico in May 2023. By November 2023, nearly 60 countries had co-sponsored the resolution, and it was adopted by the UNESCO General Conference. In May 2024, Ghana submitted a draft resolution to the U.N. General Assembly, which was supported by over 70 countries and officially proclaimed on June 7, 2024.

Why was 2025 chosen for this proclamation?

The timing aligns with the centenary of Werner Heisenberg’s groundbreaking paper on quantum mechanics, published in 1925. This paper laid the foundation for quantum mechanics, and Heisenberg was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics seven years later.

Who has endorsed this proclamation?

The proclamation has received endorsements from several international scientific organizations, including the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics, the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, the International Union of Crystallography, and the International Union of History and Philosophy of Science and Technology.

Why is quantum science gaining attention now?

Quantum science and technologies, particularly quantum computers, have been increasingly discussed in public and professional circles. While fully operational quantum computers are not yet available, they are expected to revolutionize various fields such as electronics, clean energy, and drug development due to their superior computational capabilities.

What is India’s involvement in quantum science?

The Government of India launched the National Quantum Mission in April 2023, with a budget of Rs 6,000 crore. This mission, implemented by the Department of Science & Technology (DST) from 2023 to 2031, focuses on four verticals: quantum computing, quantum communication, quantum sensing and metrology, and quantum materials and devices.

What can we expect in 2025?

According to the U.N., the proclamation encourages individuals, groups, schools, institutions, and governments to use 2025 to raise awareness about quantum science and technology. A steering committee is planning global initiatives and events to engage audiences unfamiliar with the importance of this field. An opening ceremony is expected to take place on January 14, 2025, in Berlin.




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