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UPSC Current Affairs

UPSC Current Affairs

UPSC Daily Current Affairs :: SRIRAM's IAS

Ferghana Valley

Mar 18, 2024
The Ferghana Valley is a rich and historically significant region in Central Asia. It spans across eastern Uzbekistan, southern Kyrgyzstan, and northern Tajikistan. This area is known for its fertile land, crucial for agriculture, and has been a center of various cultures and empires throughout history. Here are some frequently asked questions about the Ferghana Valley:   1. What is the Ferghana Valley known for? The Ferghana Valley is known for its fertile lands, making it a vital agricultural hub, especially for cotton and silk production. It's also famous for its rich h... Read More...

India's First Commercial Space Situational Awareness (SSA) Observatory: A Big Leap Forward

Mar 18, 2024
This explainer dives into the significance of India's first-ever commercial SSA observatory set up in the Garhwal region of Uttarakhand.   What is Space Situational Awareness (SSA)? SSA is the practice of monitoring human-made objects orbiting Earth, including operational satellites, defunct satellites, and space debris. It's crucial for: Preventing collisions: Predicting the trajectories of objects in space helps avoid accidents between satellites and other spacecraft. Read More...

Mangarh Hillock tragedy of Bhils

Mar 18, 2024
What happened at Mangarh Hillock on 17th November 1913? On November 17th, 1913, a horrific event unfolded at Mangarh Hillock (also referred to as Mangarh Hilltop) in Rajasthan, India. A large gathering of Bhil tribals, estimated to be around 1500, were massacred by the British Indian Army. Background: ‚óŹ The Bhil community faced... Read More...

Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve

Mar 18, 2024
1. What is the Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve? The Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve is a protected area and biodiversity hotspot located at the southernmost tip of the Western Ghats mountain range in India. Established in 2001, it spans across the states of Kerala and Tamil Nadu and is recognized for its rich ecological diversity and unique flora and fauna. 2. What makes the Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve significant? Read More...

Largest Floating Solar Power Plant in Ramagundam, Telangana

Mar 18, 2024
1. What is the significance of the floating solar power plant in Ramagundam, Telangana? The floating solar power plant in Ramagundam, Telangana, is the largest of its kind in India. It harnesses solar energy using photovoltaic (PV) modules mounted on platforms that float on water reservoirs or lakes. This innovative approach to solar energy generation offers several advantages, including efficient land use and reduced environmental impact. Read More...

European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Geneva, Switzerland

Mar 18, 2024
1. What is CERN? CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research, is one of the world's largest and most respected centers for scientific research. It operates the largest particle physics laboratory in the world, focusing on fundamental research into the basic constituents of matter and the forces that hold them together. 2. Where is CERN located? Read More...

Greenbushes Lithium Mine, Australia

Mar 18, 2024
1. What is the Greenbushes Lithium Mine? The Greenbushes Lithium Mine is the world's largest hard-rock lithium mining operation, located in Western Australia. It is renowned for extracting lithium spodumene of the highest grade, making it a pivotal site in the global lithium supply chain, essential for battery production and renewable energy solutions. 2. Why is the Greenbushes mine significant in the lit... Read More...

Nepal's Political Landscape: 2024 Update

Mar 18, 2024
What initiated the recent political shift in Nepal?   The political landscape in Nepal saw a significant change when Prime Minister Pushpa Kamal Dahal (Prachanda) formed a new coalition government with K.P. Sharma Oli, a figure known for his pro-China stance. This move was unexpected, especially after recent efforts to strengthen ties with India, signaling a possible shift in Nepal’s foreign policy towards China.   How does this shift affect the India-China rivalry?   This political real... Read More...

Aegean Sea Dispute

Mar 18, 2024
1. What is the Aegean Sea? The Aegean Sea is an arm of the Mediterranean Sea, situated between the mainland of Greece to the west and Asia Minor (modern-day Turkey) to the east. It is known for its rich historical significance, numerous islands, and strategic location. The Aegean connects to the Black Sea through the Dardanelles Strait, the Sea of Marmara, and the Bosporus Strait. 2. Why is the Aegean Sea strategically important? Read More...

Kanheri Caves, Mumbai

Mar 18, 2024
What are the Kanheri Caves?   The Kanheri Caves are a significant group of cave formations and rock-cut monuments situated on the western outskirts of Mumbai, India. These caves are nestled within the dense forests of the Sanjay Gandhi National Park and represent a remarkable example of ancient Indian art, architecture, and monastic life.   What is ... Read More...

Rakhigarhi, Haryana

Mar 18, 2024
What is Rakhigarhi? Rakhigarhi is an archaeological site located in the state of Haryana, India. It is recognized as one of the largest Harappan (Indus Valley Civilization) sites in the Indian subcontinent. The site has been the focus of extensive excavations by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), revealing significant insights into the urban planning, architecture, and lifestyle of the Harappan people.   Why is Rakhigarhi significant? Rakhigarhi holds immense historical and archaeological significance for several rea... Read More...

Gray Slender Lorises

Mar 18, 2024
Gray Slender Loris Survey by SACON, Coimbatore   1. What was the recent survey conducted by SACON about? Scientists from the Salim Ali Center for Ornithology and Natural History (SACON) in Coimbatore recently conducted a survey to assess the population of Gray Slender Lorises.   2. Why is this survey important? The Gray Slender Loris is an endangered primate species facing threats like habitat loss and illegal pet trade. This survey helps us understand: &nbs... Read More...

Mount Ruapehu, Central North Island, New Zealand

Mar 18, 2024
What is Mount Ruapehu? Mount Ruapehu is a prominent stratovolcano located in the central North Island of New Zealand. Standing at approximately 2,800 meters (9,186 feet), it is not only one of the highest peaks in New Zealand but also the largest active volcano in the country.   What makes Mount Ruapehu unique? Several features make Mount Ruapehu unique: Hydrothermal System: It is capped with a complex hydrothermal system that influences the volcano's geo... Read More...

Orobiome India

Mar 18, 2024
The concept of an orobiome, which refers to ecological zones found in mountainous regions, does have relevance for India, given the country's diverse topography and the presence of significant mountain ranges such as the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, and the Eastern Ghats. These mountainous regions play a crucial role in India's Orobiome India The concept of an orobiome, which refers to ecological zones found in mountainous regions, does have relevance for India, given the country's diverse topography and the presence of significant mountain ranges such as the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, and the Eastern Ghats. These mountainous region... Read More...

Cerrado of Brazil

Mar 16, 2024
What is the Cerrado? The Cerrado is one of the world's largest savannas, spanning several states across Brazil. It is characterized by its vast biodiversity, unique vegetation, and extensive network of rivers and streams. The Cerrado is often referred to as an "upside-down forest" due to the deep roots of its plants, which enable them to survive the region's seasonal droughts and fires. Read More...