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UPSC Current Affairs

UPSC Current Affairs

UPSC Daily Current Affairs :: SRIRAM's IAS

ISLAMIC REVOLUTIONARY GUARD CORPS (IRGC) of Iran

Apr 21, 2024
What is the IRGC? The Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) is Iran’s elite military force established after the 1979 revolution to safeguard the Islamic system. It operates parallel to Iran’s regular military forces and includes its own army, navy, air force, and the Quds Force, which manages overseas operat... Read More...

Preserving Temperate Rainforests: Strategies and Challenges

Apr 21, 2024
Temperate rainforests, which have been around for over 65 million years, are vital ecological zones found in regions like eastern North America, Europe, and Asia. These forests are crucial due to their roles as major sources of timber and wood products, and as homes for some of the largest and oldest living organisms on Earth. Despite their importance, over 99% of the world’s temperate rainforests have been altered through activities such as harvesting, development, and conversion for agriculture. Understanding Temperate... Read More...

HUMAN MICROBIOME

Apr 21, 2024
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The Global Biodiversity Framework Fund (GBFF)

Apr 15, 2024
Q: What is the Global Biodiversity Framework Fund (GBFF)? A: The GBFF is a fund created to finance the implementation of the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF). It aims to provide critical financial support for biodiversity conservation efforts worldwide. Q: When and why was the GBFF established? A: The GBFF... Read More...

Central Asian Flyway Initiative and India

Apr 15, 2024
FAQs: Protecting Migratory Birds in the Central Asian Flyway Q: What is the Central Asian Flyway? A: The Central Asian Flyway is a vast migration route used by hundreds of bird species, stretching from Siberia down to the Indian Ocean. It covers 30 countries, including India, China, Russia, and many Central Asian nations.Unfortunately, populations of over 240 spec... Read More...

Super Pollutants and Climate Action

Apr 15, 2024
Q: What are 'super pollutants'? A: Super pollutants are short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs) that have a much stronger warming effect on the planet than carbon dioxide, even though they remain in the atmosphere for a shorter time. Key examples include: ●Methane: A potent greenhouse gas emitted from agriculture, waste, and fossil fuel production. ●Black Carbon: Soot particles from burning biomass a... Read More...

Understanding Nutraceuticals: Benefits, Safety, and Selection

Apr 15, 2024
Q: What are nutraceuticals? A: The term "nutraceutical" combines "nutrition" and "pharmaceutical." Nutraceuticals are food-derived substances or supplements that provide health benefits beyond basic nutrition. They often contain concentrated nutrients, botanical extracts, or specific bioactive compounds. Q. What are some common types of nutraceuticals? Read More...

37TH AFRICAN UNION(AU) SUMMIT

Apr 15, 2024
Q: What was the main focus of the 37th African Union Summit? A: The 37th African Union Summit, held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, centered on various crucial issues, including education, climate, economy, and more. A significant focus was on the transformation of the global financial system to better address climate and development needs, particularly for African countries. Q: Why do African leaders ... Read More...

Disaster Management and Himalayas

Apr 15, 2024
The Risk of Natural Disasters in the Himalayas The Himalayan region accounted for 44 per cent of all the disasters reported in India Q: Why is the Himalayan region so prone to natural disasters? A: The Himalayas are a geologically dynamic region with several factors contributing to their vulnerability: Youthful Geology: The Himalayas are still actively forming, leading to frequent seismic activity, unstable slopes prone to lan... Read More...

Climate Change: Planning for Sustainability in Himalayan Towns

Apr 15, 2024
Q: Why can't traditional planning methods fully address the challenges of Himalayan towns? A: Here's why: Unique Geography: Slope, drainage, and vegetation significantly impact how much stress an area can withstand. Traditional planning often overlooks these factors. Climate Change: Increased extreme weather events (floods, landslides) demand a different approa... Read More...

India's Leopard Population

Apr 15, 2024
Q: How many leopards are there in India according to the latest report? A: The report estimates the pan-India leopard population at 13,874 individuals, with significant populations in Central India, the Western Ghats, and the Eastern Ghats. Q: How does this compare to previous estimates? A: This shows a stable and potentially growing population compared to 2018, indicating a positive trend in leopard conservation in India. Read More...

Single-Use Plastics in India

Apr 15, 2024
Q: What are single-use plastics (SUPs)? A: SUPs are plastic products designed to be used once and then discarded. Common examples include straws, plastic bags, cutlery, certain food packaging, and many more. Q: Why are single-use plastics a major problem? A: Here's why SUPs are harmful: Environmental pollution: SUPs often e... Read More...

Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) and India

Apr 15, 2024
Q: What is the Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI)? A: The CCPI is a tool developed by Germanwatch, an environmental NGO. It ranks 63 countries (and the EU) that contribute over 90% of global greenhouse gas emissions based on their performance in addressing climate change. Q: How does the CCPI measure performance? A: The CCPI uses a methodology based o... Read More...

Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) in India

Apr 15, 2024
Q: What is Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA)? A: CSA is an approach to transforming agricultural practices to ensure food security in a changing climate. It focuses on three key goals: ●Increased productivity and farm incomes: Helping farmers produce more food and earn more money. ●Enhanced resilience to climate change: Equipping farmers to handle extreme weather events and environmental shocks. ●Reduced environmental impact: Minimizing agriculture&... Read More...

ZIMBABWE’S NEW GOLD-BACKED CURRENCY (ZiG)

Apr 15, 2024
1. What is the Zimbabwe Gold (ZiG)? The Zimbabwe Gold, or ZiG, is a new gold-backed currency introduced by Zimbabwe’s central bank to combat high inflation and reduce the country’s dependence on the US dollar. 2. Why has Zimbabwe introduced ZiG? Zimbabwe introduced the ZiG as part of its efforts to stabilize the economy, curb the high inflation... Read More...