The foundation of Civil Service in India
was laid by Warren Hastings. Charles Cornwallis a British Army officer and colonial administrator reformed, modernised and rationalised the civil services in India and therefore he is known as the 'Father of Civil Service in India
The basis for the current Civil Services in India
are based on the outline of the Indian Civil Service under the British India.
The Government of India Act 1919, split the Imperial Services headed by the Secretary of State for India, into two – All India Services and Central Services.
The current civil service
was moulded after the partition of India in 1947. It was Sardar Patel's vision that the Civil Service
should fortify solidity and national unity. The values of integrity, impartiality and merit remain the guiding principles of Indian civil services.
The Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions located in New Delhi
is responsible for training, reforms and pension for the civil service system
in India. It is also known as "unofficially the Ministry of Civil Services" in India.
The civil service system is the backbone of the administrative machinery of the India. A civil servent in discharge of functions is to be guided by maintaining absolute integrity, allegiance to the constitution and the law of the nation, patriotism, national pride, devotion to duty, honesty, impartiality and transparency. The obligation of the civil services
is to route the administration of India. The country is managed through a number of Central Government agencies in accordance with the policy directions given by the ministries.
The members of the civil services functions as: