civil services banner

Civil Services Syllabus

Civil Services Syllabus
Civil Services Syllabus
Civil Services Syllabus

The complete list of subjects for Civil Services exams as per the Civil Services Syllabus is discussed over here. The civil service exam conducted by UPSC in India for recruitment of various designated posts .i.e. IAS (Indian Administrative Service), IPS (Indian Police Service), IFS (Indian Foreign Service), IRS (Indian Revenue Service). IAS Exam, also called Indian Administrative Services Exam is one of the civil services among others and is considered toughest and prestigious exam conducted in India.

UPSC Civil Services Exam is conducted in three phases:

Phase 1: Preliminary Examination or CSAT (Objective Section)
Phase 2: Main Examination (Subjective Section)
Phase 3: Interview (Vocal Section)
Phase 1: Preliminary Examination Syllabus

Phase 1: Preliminary Examination – CSAT Syllabus:

CSAT or Civil Services Aptitude Test is the first phase of preliminary examination of UPSC. This test is intended to assess the aptitude of examinees in solving the ‘Reasoning and Analytical’ questions.

IAS prelims exam consists of two papers of objective type, each of 200 marks (total of 400 marks) and two hours of duration and candidates must take both the papers.
Syllabus of Paper-I:

The preliminary examination is meant for screening the candidate and the marks obtained by a candidate in the prelims who qualifies to the mains exam will not be be taken in account to determine their final merit.
  • Current events of national and international importance.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • Indian and World Geography - Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
  • Indian Polity and Governance - Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
  • Economic and Social Development - Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.
  • General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change - that do not require subject specialisation General Science

IAS Preliminary Exam:
  Paper   Subjects   Total Marks   Duration
  I   General Studies   200 marks   2 hours  
  II   Aptitude Skills   200 marks   2 hours
Syllabus of Paper-II:
  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills;
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision-making and problem solving
  • General mental ability
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. - Class X level)
Phase 2: Main Examination Syllabus (1750 Marks)

This is phase 2 which tests candidate academic dept and his ability how he/she face matters practically. This exam not merely tests the memory/range of a candidate but also test the intelligence quotient. To clear mains exams aspirant are advised to have long term strategy. A passionate and focus mind for learning and reading s a basic trait of all successful candidates.

The UPSC mains exam consists of 9 papers, in which two are qualifying papers of 300 marks each:
I. Any Indian Language
II. English

These two papers just need to qualify which is compulsory and marks obtained will not be considered or counted. And the rest of seven papers can be written in any of the languages mentioned as in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution or in English. Below given the remaining seven papers:
  Paper   Subject   Marks
  Paper - I
  Can be written in the medium or language of the candidate's choice
  Paper-II   General Studies- I
  (Indian Heritage and Culture,
  History and Geography of the World and Society)
  Paper-III   General Studies- II
  (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations) 
  Paper-IV   General Studies- III
  (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)
  Paper-V   General Studies- IV
  (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)
  (Marks carried by General Studies was 4X250=1000)
  Optional Subject - Paper 1    250
  Paper-VII   Optional Subject - Paper II
  (Candidate is allowed to take up literature as an optional subject " and candidate need not to be a graduate in that language’s literature.)
Candidates may choose any one of the ‘Optional Subjects’ from the list of subjects given below:
  Optional Subjects  Literature Language 
  Agriculture   Assamese
  Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science    Arabic
  Anthropology   Bengali
  Botany    Bodo
  Chemistry    Dogri
  Civil Engineering    French
  Commerce and Accountancy    German
  Economics    Gujarati
  Electrical Engineering    Hindi
  Geography    Kannada
  Geology    Kashmiri
  History    Konkani
  Law    Maithili
  Management    Malayalam
  Mathematics    Manipuri
  Mechanical Engineering    Marathi
  Medical Science   Nepali
  Philosophy   Oriya
  Physics   Persian
  Political Science and International Relations                Punjabi
  Psychology   Russian
  Public Administration   Sanskrit
  Sociology   Santhali
  Statistics   Sindhi
  Zoology   Tamil
  -   Telugu
  -   Urdu
  -   English

 b) Main Exam:
  Papers   Topics   Total Marks
  I   One Of The Indian Languages Chosen From The Prescribed List   300
  II   English   300
  III   Essay   250
  IV/V/VI/VII   General Studies (250 Marks For Each Paper)   1000
  VIII & IX   Optional Subject 1   500
Total Marks For Written Examination   1750

Candidates who obtain minimum qualifying marks in the written part of the UPSC Main Examination as may be fixed by the Commission at their discretion enters the next and final phase that is the ‘personality test’ or ‘Interview’ round.


Phase 3: Interview/Personality Test (275 Marks)
  • Candidates who qualify the UPSC Mains Exam will move to the next and final phase called ‘Personality Test/Interview’ who will be interviewed by a Board who will have candidates resume. The interview round is held by a Board of competent and unbiased intended to assess social traits and his interest in current affairs and analyze the personal aptness of the candidate for a career in public service. Some of the qualities evaluated during the personality test are mental alertness, clear and logical exposition, critical powers of assimilation, variety and depth of interest, balance of judgement, intellectual and moral integrity ability for social cohesion and leadership,.
  • The interview is more of purposive conversation intended to divulge the mental qualities of the candidate.
  • Candidate can give interview in their preferred language as UPSC will make arrangement for the translators.
Interview Test: 
The Interview test will be of 275 marks.
The total mark of the written examination is 1750 Marks.
The Interview/Personality Test will be of 275 marks.
The Grand Total 2025 Marks


Get a call back

Fill the below form to get free counselling for UPSC Civil Services exam preparation


SRIRAM's IAS TOWERS, 10-B, Pusa Road, Bada Bazaar Marg, Old Rajinder Nagar, New Delhi - 110060
Contact No : (011) 42437002, +91 - 9811489560

73-75, 1st Floor, Beside GTB Metro Gate No.1, Above Bank of Baroda, Ring Road, Kingsway Camp, New Delhi-110009
Contact No : (011) 42437002, +91 - 8447273027