At least 20 Indian soldiers were killed on the night of 15th June by the Chinese soldiers in Galwan Valley in the disputed Ladakh region.There were reports of Chinese casualties, but no official confirmation. Military officials from both countries later met to "defuse the situation".
The confrontation which is the worst since 1975, came after tensions built up in recent months over a new road India built in Ladakh, along the Line of Actual Control which divides the two sides. It is the Darbuk–Shyok-DBO Road. It is also called the sub-sector North road. It is an all-weather road in eastern Ladakh in India, close to the Line of Actual Control with China. It connects Ladakh's capital city Leh with the Daulat Beg Oldi (DBO) post near the China border. The 220-km long section between Shyok and DBO was constructed between 2000 and 2019 by India's Border Roads Organisation (BRO).
The road and the infrastructure angered China, which deployed troops and built infrastructure of its own in disputed territory, bringing the two sides' forces in closer proximity, thereby heightening the risk of clashes.
The other reasons for the Chinese hostility may be the following: