Lok Sabha finally passed the National Investigation Agency (Amendment) Bill 2019.
What is National Investigation Agency?
NIA is a central agency formed by the Indian Government to combat terror in India. It was established in 2009 under the act of NIA 2008.
National Investigation Agency (NIA) was stablished in the wake of the Mumbai terror attack 2008.
In India, NIA works as a Central Counter Terrorism Law Enforcement Agency.
What are the changes made in the NIA (Amendment) Bill 2019?
First Change - Type of offences
Previous - The NIA can investigate offences under Acts such as the Atomic Energy Act, 1962 and the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act, 1967.
New - Now the offences that NIA can investigate and prosecute has increased. It allows NIA to additionally investigate offences related to human trafficking, counterfeit currency, manufacture or sale of prohibited arms, cyber-terrorism, and offences under the Explosive Substances Act, 1908.
Second Change - NIA’s jurisdiction
Previous - For the offences under its purview, NIA officers have the same power as other police officers, and these extend across the country.
New - The Bill gives NIA officers the power to investigate offences committed outside India. NIA’s jurisdiction outside India will be subject to international treaties and domestic laws of other countries.
Third Change – Special Trial Court’s
Previous - The existing Act allows the Centre to constitute special courts for NIA’s trials.
New - Now the Central government refers special trials courts for the offences that come under NIA’s purview or “scheduled offences”. Central government to designate sessions courts as special courts for such trials.