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ELECTIONS CONCERNED IN INDIAN ELECTIONS


ELECTIONS CONCERNED IN INDIAN ELECTIONS
21 May

ELECTIONS CONCERNED IN INDIAN ELECTIONS

Democracy election is a way to ensure government accountability, citizen involvement in governance, and thus make citizens ultimately sovereign.
But during the elections, India is witnessing several democracy-threatening issues. Recent ones are the following:

Institution-related

  • The weakness of the electoral commission in dealing with electoral crimes and dubious parties. For example, there is no power to decognize any party
  • Non-commitment by political parties to transparency as in the case of refusal of RTI

Structural issues
 
  • Debate on holding concurrent elections
  • Question by a section of politicians on the effectiveness / tampering of EVMs
  • Lack of transparency in the financing of election bonds
  • Allowing the party to accept donations from abroad

Campaign related
 
  • Fake news threat that leads to misinformed citizens
  • Hate news to create social polarization in the name of religion, caste, language, etc.
  • Paid news also vitiated the fair campaign

Others

Besides the above-mentioned issues, also old concerns have surfaced like:
  • Politics criminalization
  • Use of money and muscle strength
  • Use of money in black
  • Low turnout of voters etc

Reasons

Some of the main reasons behind these problems are:
  • Illiteracy and lack of awareness of democratic rights / duties among citizens
  • Apathy and vested interests of political parties (as in RTI)
  • Not keeping pace with changing technology (like fake news, paid news)

Way forward
 
  • Make the election commission a holistic law, empower it to penalize.
  • Funding: set a ceiling on funding for political parties, consider government funding (as recommended by the Gupta Committee)
  • Make sure the model code of conduct is implemented effectively for misinformation, the hate campaign
  • "One year, one choice" as a midway point

India, which continues to be burdened with poverty, malnutrition and underdevelopment, can not bear a vicious election leading to corrupt leaders