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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Q. Why is it important to get vaccinated against Covid-19?If a safe and effective vaccine becomes available, after convincing clinical trials and judicious regulatory approvals, it is best to get vaccinated. Covid-19 is a highly infectious virus which causes varied clinical manifestations with a wide range of severity. It has not been easy to predict who can be safe from it. Even young persons have been known to have become severely ill or die, though not as often as the elderly. The level of viral load a person is exposed to, the innate immunity status or pre-existing health conditions may be factors whi... Read More...

  Dec 10, 2020   Science and Technology

What Is GATI Initiative? The Department of Science and Technology  is incorporating a system of grading institutes depending on the enrolment of women and the advancement of the careers of women faculty and scientists.It will be called GATI (Gender Advancement through Transforming Institutions).The concept borrows from a programme started by the UK in 2005 called the Athena SWAN (Scientific Women’s Academic Network), which is now being adopted by many countries.One of the focuses of t... Read More...

  Dec 09, 2020   Science and Technology

Why is it in News? Indian Council of Medical Research has recently validated the LAMP technology for COVID-19 testing.What is RT-LAMP?RT-LAMP stands for Reverse Transcriptase loop-mediated isothermal amplification technology.Agappe Diagnostics has recently developed the technology indigenously, and their kit has been validated and approved by the ICMR for marketing.It is named LUME Screen nCoV.... Read More...

  Dec 09, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. What is Gender disparity in science?Gender inequality is the social process by which men and women are not treated as equals. The treatment may arise from distinctions regarding biology, psychology, or cultural norms. Some of these distinctions are empirically-grounded while others appear to be socially constructed.The world over, women scientists have been in the forefront of ground-breaking research across the world.But despite their remarkable discoveries, globally they still represent just 29 % of researchers. In India the... Read More...

  Dec 08, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q. What is the news?Recently, the tropical cyclone Nivar has made landfall along the Tamil Nadu-Puducherry coast.It is the fourth cyclone that has taken shape in the North Indian Ocean region this year. The first three cyclones were Cyclone Gati (made landfall in Somalia in November), Cyclone Amphan (eastern India witnessed it in May), and Cyclone Nisarga (in Maharashtra).Nivar will be the second cyclone to hit Tamil Nadu in two years after Cyclone Gaja&... Read More...

  Dec 08, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Why is it News? A Justice of the Supreme Court has recused himself from hearing a petition that sought action against the Andhra Pradesh CM for levelling political allegations against an AP High Court judge.What is the Recusal of Judges?Recusal is the removal of oneself as a judge or policymaker in a particular matter, especially because of a conflict of interest.Recusal usually takes place when a judge has a conflict of interest or has a prior association with the parties in th... Read More...

  Dec 07, 2020   Polity

Why is it in News?The Joint Parliamentary Committee on Office of Profit has deliberated on whether a Parliamentarian can continue to teach at University and if this draws the provisions of “Office of Profit” rules.What is the ‘Office of Profit’ and what is its essence?The Constitution of India does not define the Office of Profit. It has only mentioned it under Article 102 (1) and Article 191 (1).MPs and MLAs, as members of the legislature, hold the government accountable for... Read More...

  Dec 07, 2020   Polity

Q. What is this news?According to a flagship report published by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) around 1.2 billion people globally experienced very high levels of water stress.Nearly half of the 1.2 billion people lived in south Asia, while 460 million lived in east and southeast Asia.In central Asia, west Asia and north Africa, about one-fifth of the population lived in agricultural areas with very high water shortages or scarcity.In Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, north Amer... Read More...

  Dec 07, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. What is the news? Recently there is this launch of the Crew Dragon spacecraft, which carried to the International Space Station four astronauts — Michael Hopkins, Victor Glover and Shannon Walker of NASA and Soichi Noguchi of the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). It shows most stunning instance of a collaboration between public enterprises and the private sector in recent times between NASA and SpaceX. It is stunning because of the sheer extent of the frontier it is trying to breach. With its reusable rockets, large capsules to carry payloads... Read More...

  Dec 07, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why Is this in news?The Union government is in the process of deploying five more battalions of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) to Chhattisgarh to scale up anti-Maoist operations, particularly in the south Bastar region. More than 45 Central Armed Police Force battalions are already deployed in Chhattisgarh, where 14 districts are Maoist affected. Of them, eight are severely affected. Most of the 22 State armed battalions are also deployed in these districts. In addition, the CRPF’s specially trained ‘Cobra’ units... Read More...

  Dec 05, 2020   Security and Disaster Management

Q. Why is this in news?India hit out at the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) for making factually incorrect and unwarranted references to Jammu and Kashmir. The 47th session of the OIC Council of Foreign Ministers on November 27-29 at Niamey, Niger, had made a reference to India over its policies on J&K.In a statement, India advised the OIC to refrain from making such references in future and said it is regrettable that the grouping continues to allow itself to be used by a certain country “which h... Read More...

  Dec 05, 2020   Current Affairs

Why is it in News ? The J&K High Court has declared Roshni Act “illegal, unconstitutional and unsustainable” and a CBI probe has been ordered into the allotment of land under this law.What is the Roshni Act and its background?The J&K State Lands (Vesting of Ownership to the Occupants) Act, 2001 is popularly known as the Roshni Act.It envisaged the transfer of ownership rights of state land to its occupants, subject to the payment of a cost, as determined by the government. Read More...

  Dec 04, 2020   Polity

The Copernicus Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich satellite, was launched from the in California.This is a part of the Jason-CS mission dedicated to measuring changes in the global sea level.It has been named after Dr Michael Freilich, who was the Director of NASA’s Earth Science Division from 2006-2019 and passed away in August this year.What is the objective of mission?The mission, called the Jason Continuity of Service (Jason-CS) mission, is designed to measure the height of the ocean, which is a key component in understanding how the Earth’s... Read More...

  Dec 04, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news? Recently CBI officers probing the alleged rape and murder of a 19-year-old Dalit girl in Hathras, Uttar Pradesh, arrived at the Gandhinagar-based Forensic Science Laboratory (FSL) with the four accused for their  brain electrical oscillation signature profiling (BEOSP) test to be conducted. Brain Electrical Oscillation Signature Profiling (BEOSP) also known as brain fingerprinting is a neuro psychological method of interrogation in which the accused’s participation in the crime is investigated by studying their brain’s respons... Read More...

  Dec 03, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in news?Anger against the three central farm legislations has been simmering since September. For the last three days, thousands of farmers from Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh have been marching toward the national capital and are nearing the borders.After failing to garner support from their respective state governments, the farmers have decided to mount pressure on the Union government, due to which they are coming to Delhi. While BJP governments in UP and Haryana have failed to conv... Read More...

  Dec 03, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in news ?A. Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR) has analysed self-sworn affidavits of Rajya Sabha MPs and released a report. According to it , 24% of Rajya Sabha members face criminal cases.Q. What are key findings of report? An analysis of 229 of the 233 Rajya Sabha seats that represent the States and Union Territories showed that 54 MPs or 24% had declared criminal cases.Out of the ... Read More...

  Dec 02, 2020   Polity

Q. Why is this in news?A. Prime Minister recently pitched for ‘One Nation, One Election’, saying it is the need of the country as elections taking place every few months hamper development works.Q. What is One Nation One Election?Currently, elections to the state assemblies and the Lok Sabha are held separately — that is whenever the incumbent government’s five-year term ends or whenever it is dissolved due to various reasons. This applies to both the state legislatures and the Lok Sabha. The te... Read More...

  Dec 02, 2020   Polity

Q. What is Desalination? Desalination is the process of removing salts from water to produce water that meets the quality (salinity) requirements of different human uses. Seawater desalination can extend water supplies beyond what is available from the hydrological cycle, providing an “unlimited”, climate-independent and steady supply of high-quality water.Q. What is Desalination Plant? A desalination plant turns salt water into water that is fit to drink. The most com... Read More...

  Dec 01, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

India receives rainfall during two seasons. About 75 per cent of the country’s annual rainfall is received from the Southwest monsoon between June and September. The Northeast monsoon, on the other hand, occurs during October to December, and is a comparatively small-scale monsoon, which is confined to the Southern peninsula.Q. What is Northeast Monsoon? The northeast monsoon (winter monsoon) blows from land to sea.Also called the winter monsoon, the rainfall associated with the Northeast monsoon is i... Read More...

  Dec 01, 2020   Geography

A cyclone is taking shape in the North Indian Ocean region. The Bay of Bengal will see its second Severe Cyclone of the year, after Super Cyclone Amphan formed in May. It is likely to hit Tamil Nadu coast by midweek. The next three days shall see extremely heavy rain, strong winds along with highly rough sea conditions.Q. Why are Tamil Nadu and Puducherry on ‘red’ alert?The India Meteorological Department (IMD) has forecast the development of a cyclone in the Southwest region of the Bay of Bengal, off Tamil Nadu coast. After... Read More...

  Nov 30, 2020   Geography