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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Que. Why do we use soap in the defence against germs? Ans.: Germs, or microbes, are everywhere. In the air, soil, water and on every surface, including our body. Most microbes are harmless and some are important for human health, like the ones that live in our gut. But there are several germs that cause problems, and these are the ones we prefer not to have on or in our bodies. Our first line of defense against those harmful germs is soap. Read More...

  Aug 25, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. What is this report?A. The report was released on the occasion of World Day Against Trafficking in Persons by the Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative (CHRI) and an international anti-slavery organisation Walk Free.Q. What are the highlights of the report?The report assessed the progress made by Commonwealth countries on the promises made in 2018 to end modern slavery by 2030 and achieve the SDGs of ending forced labour, human trafficking and child labour.The repo... Read More...

  Aug 25, 2020   Polity

Q. Why is this in news?A.  Opposing the Sutlej-Yamuna Link (SYL) canal project and staking claim to Yamuna’s waters, Punjab Chief Minister warned about the repercussions. He has warned the Centre of political unrest in the state if asked to proceed with the Sutlej-Yamuna Link (SYL) canal project.Q. What is the Sutlej-Yamuna Link canal issue?At the time of reorganization of Punjab in 1966, the issue of sharing of river waters between both the states emerged.Punjab refused to share waters of Ravi and Beas with Haryana stating it was agai... Read More...

  Aug 25, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q. Why is this in news?A. Vice President of India recently expressed concern over growing pendency of cases at all level of Judiciary and urges government and judiciary to ensure faster and affordable justice.Q. What is current status of pending cases in Indian Judiciary?According to the Economic Survey 2018-19 there are about 3.5 crore cases pending in the judicial system, especially in district and subordinate courts.About 87.54 per cent of the total pendency of ca... Read More...

  Aug 25, 2020   Polity

Q. Why is this in news?At least 112 people have died in three districts of Punjab after consuming spurious liquor in Ludhiana. Illicit liquor deaths have been the cause of worry in recent months.Q. What is Illicit Liquor or Hooch?• Alcoholic beverages are made by fermentation of sugary and starchy substances, followed by distillation to increase alcohol concentration. The active ing... Read More...

  Aug 25, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in news?Former Finance Secretary and retired IAS officer Rajiv Kumar has been appointed Election Commissioner (EC).Mr. Kumar has been appointed in place of Ashok Lavasa, who has resigned to join the Asian Development of Bank.Q. What is Election Commission of India?The Election Commission of India is an autonomous constitutional authority responsible for administering Union and State election processes in India.The body administers elections to the Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, and State Legislative Assemblies in India, and the offices of the President and Vice Pres... Read More...

  Aug 25, 2020   Polity

Q. Why is this in news ?A. The Madhya Pradesh government’s recent decision to reserve all government jobs for “children of the state” raises questions relating to the fundamental right to equality.While domicile-based reservations have been implemented in education, courts have been reluctant to expand this to employment. Q. What does the Constitution say?A. Article 16 of the Constitution, which guarantees equal treatment under law in matters of ... Read More...

  Aug 25, 2020   Polity

Que. Write a short note on Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR). Ans.  The Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) is an international accelerator facility under construction which will... Read More...

  Aug 24, 2020   Science and Technology

Que. India was elected the Chair of World Health Organization’s Executive Board. What are the challenges associated with it? Read More...

  Aug 22, 2020   Current Affairs

The Prime Minister of India announced the launch of National Digital Health Mission (NDHM) on 74th Independence Day..This is a part of three digital announcements by the Prime Minister including a new cyber security policy and optical fibre connectivity to six lakh villages in the country.Q. What are its key features?The NDHM is a complete digital health ecosystem. The digital platform will be launched with four key features — health ID, personal health records, Digi Doctor and health facility registry. Read More...

  Aug 22, 2020   Government Schemes

The Union Cabinet has decided to set up a National Recruitment Agency (NRA) which will conduct a common preliminary examination for various recruitments in the central government.Q. What is the need for NRA?A. As of now, aspirants have to take different exams that are conducted by various agencies for central government jobs. According to Secretary, Department of Personnel and Training, on an average 2.5 crore to 3 crore aspirants appear for about 1.25 lakh vacancies in the central government every year.As and when it will b... Read More...

  Aug 22, 2020   Polity

Q. Why is it in News? Recently, Manipur, Nagaland and Uttarakhand, along with the Union Territory (UT) of Jammu and Kashmir have been integrated with the One Nation-One Ration Card (ONORC) Scheme. Now a total of 24 States/UTs are connected under the ONORC scheme. The remaining states/UTs are targeted to be integrated into the scheme by March 2021.Q. What is  One Nation- One Ration Card Scheme? Read More...

  Aug 21, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. Why is it in News? Recently, Pakistan has released a new political map that includes all of Jammu & Kashmir, Ladakh, Sir Creek and Junagadh. The map has been released on the eve of the first anniversary of the abrogation of special status to Jammu and Kashmir under Article 370.Q. What are some issues related to this new map? The map depicts entire Jammu & Kashmir as a disputed ter... Read More...

  Aug 21, 2020   Current Affairs

Que. Anti defection law needs to respect democracy and its spirit. Comment Ans.: 52nd Constitution Amendment in 1985 introduced the anti-defection law whose contents are kept in the Tenth Schedule. While it tried to introduce political morality by disincentivising defections, there is the avoidable slant towards suppressing dissent unduly. Read More...

  Aug 21, 2020   Polity

Q. Why is this in news?RBI announces special liquidity scheme for NBFCs and HFCs through a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) to avoid any potential systemic risks to the financial sector.Also, earlier Finance Minister had announced on 13th March 2020, launch of a Special Liquidity Scheme of Rs. 30,000 crore.Q. What are the basic features of this scheme?RBI will provide funds for the Scheme by subscribing to government guaranteed special securities issued by the Trust. Read More...

  Aug 20, 2020   Economy

Q. Why is this in news?Researchers of the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Hyderabad have started using computational methods to understand the factors and impediments in incorporating biofuels into the fuel sector in India.Q. What does this research shows?A unique feature of this work is that the framework considers revenue generation not only as an outcome of sales of the biofuel but also in terms of carbon credits via greenhouse gas emission savings throughout the project lifecycle. Read More...

  Aug 20, 2020   Science and Technology

How do laws in India balance freedom of speech and expression with punishment for contempt of court? Mention the highlights of the national debate on this issue. (250 words and 10 minutes) Read More...

  Aug 19, 2020   Polity

What is the significance of the peace agreement between Israel and UAE? (250 words and 10 minutes) Read More...

  Aug 18, 2020   International Relations

The Supreme Court has referred to a five-judge Constitution Bench a batch of petitions challenging the 103rd Constitution Amendment of 2019 that provides 10% reservation for Economically Backward Section (EWS).Q. What is the amendment?A. It provides for 10% reservation in government jobs and educational institutions for EWS, by amending Articles 15 and 16 that deal with the fundamental right to equality.While Article 15 prohibits discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth, Article 16 guarantees... Read More...

  Aug 19, 2020   Current Affairs

The RBI has cleared a loan restructuring scheme for borrowers under stress because of the pandemic. In its monetary policy review, the Reserve Bank of India gave the green signal to a loan restructuring scheme for stressed borrowers. A special window providing one-time loan restructuring to companies and individuals, it will provide relief specifically to those impacted by the Covid-19 pandemic.Q. Who will benefit from the scheme?A. Only those companies and individuals whose loans accounts are in default for not more th... Read More...

  Aug 19, 2020   Economy