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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Prime Minister Narendra Modi's recent visit to five Central Asian countries- Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Tajikistan- reinvigorated India's traditional ties with the region. Strong relation in energy, trade, culture and security sectors with the five nations is in mutual interest.   Trade The economic development of Central Asia, specially in Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, has sparked a construction boom and development of sectors like IT, pharmaceuticals and tourism. India has expertise in these sectors and deeper cooperation will give a fresh impetus to trad... Read More...

  Dec 10, 2016   General Category

National Judicial Appointments Commission Act and Constitutional (99th) Amendment Act were recently   nullified by the apex court. The new NJAC limits the primacy of the judiciary and increases the government's power in appointments of judges to the higher judiciary. The NJAC is to be comprised of the chief justice of India and two senior-most Supreme Court judges, the union law minister and two "eminent people," one of whom would be drawn from the scheduled castes, tribes, minorities and other backward classes or women. Some have argued that the NJAC violates judicial independence by creating a system in which the Coll... Read More...

  Dec 9, 2016   General Category

Under the new leadership in Delhi, India’s Look East policy has become upgraded to Act East policy, which envisages accelerated across-the-board engagement East Asia. India-ASEAN relations are improving in both economic and strategic arenas. FTA in services is being signed. The strategic content of the relationship, the backbone of the Act east policy,  is deepening as the two sides step up their collaboration across a range of strategic issues, including trans-national terrorism, maritime piracy and nuclear proliferation.   Against the backdrop of the churn in the South China Sea, India has consistently argued for freedom of na... Read More...

  Dec 08, 2016   General Category

Migration affects bot the area of origin and the area of desintation. The social effects of migration are the following: When more of the same generation migrates, it has a detrimental effect on social structure There is a disproportionate number of females left behind The non-return of migrants causes an imbalance in the population pyramid Returning retired migrants may impose a social cost on the community if support mechanisms are not in place to cater for them The above may be called the costs. Given below are the benefits: The population density is reduced and the birth rate decreases ,... Read More...

  Dec 07, 2016   General Category

Indian India, farmers’ suicides have been reported for the last many years from many states like Maharashtra, Karnataka, AP, Telangana etc. They did not drop after Government relief packages. While economic reasons can not be belittled, social reasons are also substantial. Social support systems are crumbling. Social stress is alleviated due to relatives, friends etc. when they give courage and support. The intensity of the stress becomes less. But traditional social support systems are breaking down and due to globalization, commercialization and individualism are coming it.   While farming has always been a hard and uncertain work, suicides are taking place on a si... Read More...

  Dec 06, 2016   General Category

ISIS has been in international news since mid-2014 as a terrorist group.  It is more dangerous than al-Qaeda for the following reasons: 1.   ISIS is the richest terrorist group in history. It controls oil fields in Syria and Iraq that generate income and it has millions of dollars in ransoms for hostages ISIS has money in billions of dollars. ISIS’ territorial control allows for consistent stream of funding, and they‘ve developed an extensive extortion racket, as well as selling electricity and exporting oil and gas. 2.   ISIS controls  large territory in Syria and Iraq. 3.   ISIS has evolved into a proto... Read More...

  Dec 05, 2016   General Category

Antrix Corporation Ltd, the commercial arm of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), will launch nine micro satellites (each weighing around 100 kg) using the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), over a year. It is the first time for India to launch American satellites from an Indian spaceport. ISRO and NASA already set up a joint working group for Mars exploration. India’s Moon and Mars missions brought global acknowledgement of ISRO’s ability to develop and deploy cost-effective technologies. In 2008, the ‘foreign’ payload on board India’s Chandrayaan-1 Moon mission included two American instruments: The Mini Synthetic Aperture R... Read More...

  Dec 03, 2016   General Category

Both geoeconomics and geopolitics have brought India and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) closer. UAE is home to about 2.6 million Indians who have contributed to the local economy as well as to that of India through remittances. The visit by Prime Minister Narendra Modi to the UAE in August, strengthened the emerging strategic partnership between Delhi and Abu Dabhi. Geoeconomics has a play as India and UAE have emerged as each other's preferred economic partner. But the growing security and defence partnership is the result of geopolitics. The reasons for the two countries coming together are regional in nature: Pakistan's refusal to send troops to Y... Read More...

  Dec 02, 2016   General Category

Economic reforms are diluting caste rigidities due to education, urbanisation and globalization. Caste is crumbling as India urbanises and gets educated. Nearly a third of Indians now live in cities or towns. The village heads who enforce caste rules have less power than they did. On dalits: Since 1991, a growing number of dalits are working and operating businesses in agriculture, retail, hospitality, manufacturing and many other sectors where it was previously unheard of. There is a growing dalit entrepreneur class who actually hire upper caste workers. There are even over 3,000 dalit millionaires. The proportion of dalits in the halwaha sys... Read More...

  Dec 1, 2016   General Category

Marriage is a central institution in all societies, more so in. Yet marriage in India is also changing. Indian marriage is affected by prosperity and technology and they are eroding tradition, largely. Traditionally, marriages were almost always arranged. Dowry payments were widespread. About 90-95% of the time Hindus married within their broad caste group. But these features are changing distinctly. It used to be that parents and elders fixed marriages but these days the offspring are finding their own partners, but parents may veto them. Marriage is still a family decision. What has changed is who is driving the process. ... Read More...

  Nov 30, 2016   General Category

Researchers are in the process of bioprinting tissues and organs to solve a many injuries and illnesses. Scientists are taking steps toward printing a working human heart. As part of this work, they are pioneering breakthroughs in printing human stem cells. The combination of these stem cells and 3D bioprinting is going to help repair or replace damaged human organs and tissues, improve surgeries, and ultimately give patients far better outcomes in dealing with a wide range of illnesses and injuries. 3D-Printed heart helped recently in a New York Hospital to save two-week-old baby without performing multiple operations. They made use of a 3D p... Read More...

  Nov 29, 2016   General Category

Nanoengineers have recently invented a new unconventional nanoscale manufacturing technology for mass production electronic components. It is a lithographic method in which a spherical nanorobot made of silica that focuses light like a near-field lens is used to write complex patterns on the surface of light-sensitive material to form the sensors and electronics components on nanoscale devices. The researchers have dubbed the new technique as 'nanomotor lithography'. At present, state-of-art lithography methods such as electron beam writing are used to define extremely precise surface patterns on substrates used in the manufacture of microelectronics... Read More...

  Nov 28, 2016   General Category

Our continued burning of fossil fuels is increasing the levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Most of the carbon dioxide that is released into the atmosphere ultimately ends up in the oceans. Consequently, the oceans have been absorbing large amounts of carbon dioxide since the Industrial Revolution (approximately 1750). It is this increasing amount of carbon dioxide in the oceans that is causing ocean acidification. When carbon dioxide enters the ocean, it combines with seawater to produce carbonic acid, which increases the acidity of the water, lowering its pH. Although it is unlikely that the ocean will ever become actu... Read More...

  Nov 27, 2016   General Category

A professional is an individual who  is educated and skilled and does  complex work. Professionals are doctors, lawyers, accountants, economists, professors, teachers, etc. Trade is buying and selling that also includes imports and exports (foreign trade). It is a part of business activity. Business is wider term inc of manufacturing, procuring and selling. In the USA, business and commerce are used synonymously.  Occupation is what we do for a living.  Vocation, on the other hand, is the talent we are inherently equipped with. Read More...

  Nov 26, 2016   General Category

The Rogan art of painting is an art over three hundred years old. The traditional Rogan flower motifs and designs speak of a Persian influence and the word Rogan itself means oil-based in Persian. Today, Nirona in Kutch is the only place where this work is created. When castor oil is heated over fire for more than twelve hours and cast into cold water, it produces a thick residue called rogan, which is mixed with natural colours obtained from the earth. With a six-inch wooden stick or pen, the craftperson then draws out from this a fine thread which is painted to the cloth. Rogan painting is delicately and precisely painted from one’s own creative imag... Read More...

  Nov 25, 2016   General Category

It is a term used to describe the excessive production of androgenic hormones in females. The androgenic hormone of specific interest for the purposes of sports is the performance enhancing hormone, testosterone. Men typically achieve better performances in sport because they benefit from higher levels of androgens than women and this is predominantly why, for reasons of fairness, competition in Athletics is divided into separate men’s and women’s classifications. By extension, since it is known today that there are rare cases of females with HA competing in women’s competitions, in order to be able to guarante... Read More...

  Nov 24, 2016   General Category

The Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA) is a United States federal law that requires United States persons, including individuals who live outside the United States, to report their financial accounts held outside of the United States, and requires foreign financial institutions to report to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) of US about their U.S. clients. Congress enacted FATCA to make it more difficult for U.S. taxpayers to conceal assets held in offshore accounts and thus to recoup federal tax revenues. The law aims to check and impose withholding tax on illicit activities of some wealthy individuals who use offshore accounts to evade millions of ... Read More...

  Nov 23, 2016   General Category

Loktak Lake is the largest freshwater lake in Northeast India, and is famous for the phumdis (heterogeneous mass of vegetation, soil, and organic matter at various stages of decomposition) floating over it. Keibul Lamjao is the only floating national park in the world. It is located near Moirang in Manipur state, India.   The Keibul Lamjao National Park is the last natural refuge of the endangered sangai (state animal).   This ancient lake plays an important role in the economy of Manipur. It serves as a source of water for hydropowergeneration, irrigation and drinking water supply. The lake is also a source of livelihoo... Read More...

  Nov 22, 2016   General Category

Masala bonds are bonds issued outside India but denominated in Indian Rupees, rather than the local currency. Masala is a Hindi word and it means spices. The term was used by IFC of the WB group  to evoke the culture and cuisine of India. Unlike dollar bonds, where the borrower takes the currency risk, masala bond makes the investors bear the risk. The first Masala bond was issued by the World Bank backed International Finance Corporation in 2014 when it raised 1,000 crore bond to fund infrastructure projects in India. Later in August 2015 International Financial Corporation for the first time issued green masala bonds and raised Rupees 3.15 Billion to ... Read More...

  Nov 21, 2016   General Category

Indian cinema played a crucial role in the freedom struggle. Many patriotic films, in Hindi and the regional languages, upheld it. A few film producers were even involved in the campaign. India’s staunch patriots as Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Lala Lajpat Rai, Vallabhai Patel, Jawaharlal Nehru, Sarojini Naidu, S. Satyamurti and Rabindranath Tagore, opining that the cinema was useful for emancipation and political awakening, strongly supported it. Some pre-Independence champions in the cinema industry : Dwarkadas Naraindas Sampat – maker of the first political (silent) film, Bhakt Vidur (1921) ; J B.H. Wadia, most politically involve... Read More...

  Nov 20, 2016   General Category